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Familienanamnese von Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen, körperliche Fitneβ und psychophysiologische Reaktivität auf mentalen Streβ

  • A. Steptoe
  • D. Molineux
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Zusammenfassung

Beschrieben wird eine Untersuchung, in der kardiovaskuläre Reaktionen auf mentale Belastungstests mit körperlicher Fitneβ und der familiären Bluthochdruckanamnese in Beziehung gesetzt wurden. Vierundzwanzig männliche Jugendliche mit positiver und 40 mit negativer Familienanamnese bezüglich Bluthochdrucks im Alter von 14–16 Jahren wurden untersucht. Sie wurden auf der Basis eines submaximalen Leistungstests in 2 gleich groβe Gruppen eingeteilt. Die Probanden der einen Gruppe waren körperlich fit, die der anderen hatten eine schlechte Kondition. Während der Durchführung einer Problemlöseaufgabe, die einmal in einer schweren und einmal in einer leichten Version vorgegeben wurde, bzw. während eines leichten und eines schweren Videospiels wurden Blutdruck, Herzfrequenz, Sauerstoffverbrauch und weitere Meβwerte erhoben. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, daβ die Problemlöseaufgabe im Vergleich zum Videospiel Herzkreislaufreaktionen hervorrief, die gemessen am eigentlichen Stoffwechselbedarf überproportional stark waren. Bei den Probanden mit schlechter körperlicher Kondition waren die Herzfrequenzreaktionen auf die Problemlöseaufgabe stärker als bei denen, die eine gute Kondition hatten. Allerdings traf dies nur für die schwere Aufgabenversion (bei der aktives, angestrengtes Verhalten erforderlich war) zu.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Steptoe
  • D. Molineux

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