Evolution pp 61-72 | Cite as

Adaptation: The Driving Force or a Result of Evolution?

  • Charles Devillers
  • Jean Chaline


Lobsters and dolphins are adapted to aquatic life whereas the green woodpecker and the fly are adapted to aerial life. The way in which these organisms are constructed allows them to execute certain functions within certain environments. This is a first, simple definition of adaptation which describes:The evolutionary process of adjustment of an organism to its environment. This historical aspect will be discussed in subsequent chapters.The result of this process — the state of adaptation — or the form of an organism at a certain point in its history. This functional-structural aspect will be dealt with here.


Aquatic Life Ventral Sucker Body Plan Giant Panda Founder Population 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Devillers
    • 1
  • Jean Chaline
    • 2
  1. 1.SceauxFrance
  2. 2.Centre des Sciences de la TerreUniversité de BourgogneDijonFrance

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