Fracture Processes Induced by Forced Fluid Percolation

  • F. H. Cornet
Part of the IAVCEI Proceedings in Volcanology book series (VOLCANOLOGY, volume 3)


The theory of the rupture processes induced by excess fluid pressure is reviewed. After a brief overview of some fracture mechanics principles, the theory of hydraulic fracturing is summarized. Then, shear failure mechanisms are discussed. Some examples of microseismicity and ground deformation associated with forced fluid flow, including magma intrusions, are presented. It is argued that most seismic signals are associated with shear ruptures and not with tensile cracking. However, short wave length instabilities associated with mode I fractures may be partly at the origin of the long period events observed in some instances during high flow rates borehole injections.


Rock Mass Stress Intensity Factor Focal Mechanism Hydraulic Fracture Strain Energy Release Rate 
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