Picrasma quassioides Bennet (Japanese Quassia Tree): In Vitro Culture and Production of Quassin

  • A. H. Scragg
  • E. J. Allan
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 21)

Abstract

The genus Picrasma contains about six species and belongs to the family Simaroubaceae. A wide variety of biologically active compounds have been isolated from members of this family, the majority of which are quassinoids. The wood from these trees has been used as a traditional medicine and lately some quassins have been reported to have important antileukemic properties (Cordell 1978).

Keywords

Biomass Caffeine Fructose Alkaloid Dichloromethane 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allan EJ, Scragg AH, Pugh K (1988) Cell suspension culture of Picrasma quassioides: the development of a rapidly growing, shear resistant cell line capable of quassin formation. J Plant Physiol 132:176–183Google Scholar
  2. Anderson LA, Harris A, Phillipson JD (1983) Production of cytotoxic canthin-6-one alkaloids by Ailanthus altissima plant cell cultures. J Nat Prod 46: 374–378PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ayensu ES (ed) (1980) Jungles. Jonathon Cape, LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. Clarke DL (ed) (1976) Trees,and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, 8th edn, revised vol III. Bean & Murray, London, 199 ppGoogle Scholar
  5. Cordell GA (1978) Anticancer agents from plants. In: Reinhold L, Harborne JB, Swain T (eds) Progress in biochemistry, vol 5. Pergamon Press, Oxford New York, pp 273–316Google Scholar
  6. Gamborg OL, Miller RA, Ojima K (1968) Nutrient requirements of suspension cultures of soybean root cells. Exp Cell Res 50: 151–258PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hills LD (ed) (1982) Fruit, pest and disease control the organic way. Henry Doubleday Res Assoc, Essex, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  8. Morris P, Scragg AH, Smart NJ, Stafford A (1985) Secondary product formation by cell suspension cultures. In: Dixon RA (ed) Plant cell culture. A practical approach. IRL Press, Oxford, pp 127–167Google Scholar
  9. Polonsky J (1973a) Chemistry and biogenesis of the quassinoids (simaroubolides). Recent Adv Phytochem 6: 31–64Google Scholar
  10. Polonsky J (1973b) Quassinoid bitter principles. Fortschr Chem Org Naturst 30: 101–150PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Scragg AH, Allan EJ (1986) Production of the triterpenoid quassin in callus and cell suspension cultures of Picrasma quassioides Bennett. Plant Cell Rep 5: 356–359Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. H. Scragg
    • 1
  • E. J. Allan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Applied ScienceThe University of the West of EnglandCold Harbour Lane, FrenchayUK
  2. 2.Department of AgricultureUniversity of AberdeenScotland

Personalised recommendations