Some Factors Affecting the Crown Density of Trees in Great Britain Based on Recent Annual Surveys of Forest Condition

  • J. L. Innes


Surveys of forest condition have been undertaken in most European countries over a number of years. Patterns are beginning to emerge which do not support the theories of large-scale forest decline proposed in the early 1980s. Instead, forest condition apparently fluctuates from year to year, with the degree of fluctuation depending on a variety of factors. Individual trees may show substantial changes in condition from one year to the next which are not necessarily reflected in the overall national statistics (Hägi 1989; Innes and Boswell 1991), leading to problems of interpretation (Innes 1990a).


Mechanical Damage Forest Condition Forest Health Sapwood Area Resin Flow 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. L. Innes
    • 1
  1. 1.Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape ResearchBirmensdorfSwitzerland

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