Group Death of Araucaria hunsteinii K. Schumm (Klinkii pine) in a New Guinea Rainforest

  • N. J. Enright

Abstract

Canopy, or stand-level, dieback refers to the clumped distribution of tree deaths, often for a single species population, within a forest (Mueller-Dombois 1986, 1988). Deaths are generally thought to be the result of chronic stresses which ultimately affect most mature trees within a stand over a time-scale which is short relative to the longevity of the trees themselves. It therefore excludes death from catastrophic events such as fire or lightning strikes.

Keywords

Toxicity Phosphorus Europe Ozone Germinate 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. J. Enright
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

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