Coupled Toga Models at the Ukmo

  • M. Davey
  • S. Lawrence
  • C. Gordon
  • S. Ineson
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 6)


Both general circulation (GCM) and intermediate ocean and atmosphere models are being used by the tropical ocean modelling group at the UK Meteorological Office to investigate interannual variability. A 13-year coupled GCM integration was completed in 1990, producing a realistic seasonal cycle but little interannual variability. Some details of year 8 of that integration are presented here, and a related hindcast experiment is discussed. An intermediate model with two active layers in the ocean and an equilibrium atmosphere is described: ocean climatology and preliminary coupled experiments are discussed.


Wind Stress Surface Heat Flux Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Equatorial Cold Tongue United Kingdom Meteorological Office 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Davey
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Lawrence
    • 1
  • C. Gordon
    • 3
  • S. Ineson
    • 3
  1. 1.Clarendon LaboratoryRobert Hooke InstituteOxfordUK
  2. 2.Meteorological Office UnitUK
  3. 3.UK Meteorological OfficeHadley CentreBracknell BerksUK

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