In this chapter we present probability theory as the basic tool for handling uncertainty, i.e. partial beliefs. In order to obtain a mathematically sound representation we always keep in mind a “relative frequency” interpretation or alternatively a degree of confirmation of probabilities. The main shortcoming of many textbooks is that the treatment of imprecise probabilities, which is important for obtaining suitable knowledge representation facilities, is left out. Our approach to this problem relies on the consideration of classes of probabilities.
KeywordsSample Space Subjective Probability Probability Interval Maximum Entropy Principle Ship Type
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