Comparative Anatomy of Mammalian Harderian Glands

  • Tatsuo Sakai


The mammalian eye possesses two sets of major exocrine glands: one in the inner canthus and the other in the outer canthus. The former, which may be named the medial ocular glands, includes the Harderian gland and the nictitans gland. These two glands are distinguished on the basis of the nature of their secretions. The Harderian gland secretes lipids by a merocrine mechanism whereas the nictitans gland secretes glycoproteins (Sakai 1981). The latter set, which may be called the lateral ocular glands, is regarded generally as the lacrimal gland, and is divided into two groups on the basis of their gross anatomy (Sakai 1989).


Lacrimal Gland Mongolian Gerbil Comparative Anatomy Harderian Gland Meriones Unguiculatus 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tatsuo Sakai
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, School of MedicineJuntendo UniversityBunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113Japan

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