Intelligent Dialogue in Air Traffic Control Systems

  • Jack L. Edwards
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 73)


Air traffic controllers are currently engaged in a dialogue with various automated subsystems: they access databases of textual information, examine and interact with radar displays, receive and transmit flight information on hardcopy, and communicate with pilots and other controllers over audio links Many of these activities do not have the look and feel of dialogue, but convey the impression of working with a set of tools to perform a variety of tasks. Advances in computer technology over the last five to ten years reflect the increasingly successful use of this “tool metaphor,” and it is likely that future, near-term Air Traffic Control (ATC) systems will continue to reflect this approach.


Conflict Resolution Federal Aviation Administration Artificial Intelligence Technology Mitre Corporation Expert System Technology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ammerman, H. L., Fairhurst, W. S., Hostetler, C. M., & Jones, G. W. (1988). FAA Air Traffic Control operations concepts, Vol. 1: Background and analysis methodology. Federal Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation Report DOT/FAA/AP-8701.Google Scholar
  2. Barr, A., Cohen, P. R., & Feigenbaum, E. A. (Eds.) (1989). TheHandbook of Artificial Intelligence. Vol. 4. Don Mills, Ontario: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  3. Bonasso, R. P. (1988). What AI can do for battle management: A report of the first AAAI workshop on AI applications to battle management. Al Magazine, 9(3), 77–83Google Scholar
  4. Bowen, B. A. (1987). An expert system for conflict resolution in dense airspace. Knowledge based concepts and Artificial Intelligence: Applications to guidance and control. NATO Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development (AGARD) Lecture Series, AGRAD-LS-155.Google Scholar
  5. Cammarata, S., McArthur, D., & Steeb, R. (1983). Strategies of cooperation in distributed problem solving. Proceedings of the Eighth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Karlsruhe, West Germany, 767–770.Google Scholar
  6. CAE Electronics Ltd. (June 8, 1990 ). Presentation of work on voice recognition in ATC display and pseudo pilot, Research and Evaluation Centre, Hull, Quebec.Google Scholar
  7. CompEngSery Ltd. (1989). CORES: Air traffic conflict resolution system. Final report TP9990E, Transport Canada: Transportation Development Centre Policy and Coordination Group, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.Google Scholar
  8. Computer Technology Associates (1987–1989). FAA Air Traffic Control operations concepts, Vol. 1–8. Federal Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation Report DOT/FAA/AP-87–01.Google Scholar
  9. Civil Aeronautics (1987). Toronto North EnRoute Qualification Training Program. Amendment #8, Civil Aeronautics: Air Traffic Services, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.Google Scholar
  10. Edwards, J. L., & Mason, J. A. (1989). The structure of intelligence in dialogue. In M. M. Taylor, F. Néel and D. G. Bouwhuis (Eds.), The structure of multimodal dialogue. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers.Google Scholar
  11. Fearnsides, J. (1990). Personal Communication.Google Scholar
  12. Fong, C. V. (1989) Automated problem resolution prototype in automated En Route Air Traffic Control. Report MP-89-W00027, MITRE Corporation, McLean, VA.Google Scholar
  13. Fong, C. V. ( June, 1990 ). Personal communication.Google Scholar
  14. Genesereth, M. R., & Nilsson, N. J. (1987). Logical foundations of Artificial Intelligence. Los Altos, CA: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Inc.Google Scholar
  15. Hutchins, E. (1989). Metaphors for interface design. In M. M. Taylor, F. Néel & D. G. Bouwhuis (Eds.), The Structure of Multimodal Dialogue. Amsterdam: North-Holland.Google Scholar
  16. Hutchins, E., Hollan, J. D., & Norman, D. A. (1986). Direct manipulation interfaces. In D. A. Norman & S. W. Draper (Eds.), User Centered System Design: New Perspectives on Human-Computer Interaction. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.Google Scholar
  17. Georgeff, M. P., & Lansky, A. L. (Eds.) (1986). Reasoning about actions & plans. Proceedings of the 1986 Workshop. Los Altos, CA: Morgan Kaufmann.Google Scholar
  18. Kass, R., & Finin, T. (1988). Modeling the user in natural language systems. Computational Linguistics, 14 (3), 5–22.Google Scholar
  19. Kobsa, A. (1988). A bibliography of the field of User Modelling in Artificial Intelligence dialog systems. Memo Nr. 23, University of Saarbrücken, Federal Republic of Germany.Google Scholar
  20. Kobsa, A., & Wahlster, W. (Eds.) (1988). Special issue on user modeling. Computational Linguistics, 14 (3).Google Scholar
  21. Kobsa, A., & Wahlster, W. (Eds.) (1989). User models in dialog systems. New York: Springer-Verlag.MATHGoogle Scholar
  22. Mason, J. A., & Edwards, J. L. (March—April, 1988 ). Explicit models in intelligent interface design. Paper presented at the Workshop on Architectures for Intelligent Interfaces: Elements and Prototypes, Monterey, CA.Google Scholar
  23. Scardina, J. A., & Ryberg, P-Y. (1989). Future ATC automation aid based upon AI technology. Report MP-89-W00036, MITRE Corporation, McLean, VA.Google Scholar
  24. Smith, I. G., Crabb, C. A., Ram, G. R., & Attisha, M. R. (1989). A unique approach to aircraft conflict resolution using artificial intelligence techniques. Proceedings of the Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (CCECE), September, 1989.Google Scholar
  25. Transport Canada (1988). Air Traffic Control manual of operations: Procedures. Report TP703, Transport Canada: Air Traffic Services, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.Google Scholar
  26. UM90 (March-April, 1990). Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on User Modeling. Honolulu, Hawaii.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jack L. Edwards
    • 1
  1. 1.Artificial Intelligence Management and Development CorporationTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations