Phytotoxins and Plant Pathogenesis

  • A. Graniti
  • R. D. Durbin
  • A. Ballio
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 51)


In a broad sense, “phytotoxins” can be considered as microbial metabolites, other than enzymes, that damage or are harmful to plants at very low concentrations (1–3, 23, 25). Many plant pathogenic bacteria and fungi produce phytotoxins both in culture and in their hosts during the infection process. In several cases — especially if they are produced during the early stages of plant disease development — these compounds have a function in pathogenesis and cause part or even all of the symptoms of the disease (4, 5, 20). For microbial products which are not phytotoxic per se but have a role in pathogenesis, the term aggressions has been proposed (1).


Plant Disease Culture Filtrate Alternaria Alternata Japanese Pear Spotted Knapweed 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Graniti
    • 1
  • R. D. Durbin
    • 2
  • A. Ballio
    • 3
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Patologia vegetaleUniversita di BariBariItaly
  2. 2.ARS/USDA and Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  3. 3.Departimento di Scienze biochimicheUniversita ‘La Sapienza’RomeItaly

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