The Risk Factor Model and Life-Styles Relevant to Health
Measures relating to preventive medicine are sanctioned by the state of knowledge about the aetiology of disease prevailing at the time. At the beginning, knowledge about edible and inedible plants was applied empirically. Later, observations were made which were converted into hygienic measures as a protection against infectious diseases. From time immemorial, an important role in the advice given by doctors with regard to the maintenance of health has been played by ethically based precepts relating to life-style and, associated with them, ideas about how to strengthen the power of resistance to disease. In keeping with the culturally and socially determined view of man prevailing at the time, individuals were either urged to adopt an attitude of responsibility for their own health, or government measures for normative regulation, designed to protect the health of the population, were implemented. With the growing knowledge of scientific medicine, the possibilities in the therapeutic field gained in importance, resulting in a reduced interest in prevention. The art of medicine expanded, above all, in the fields of diagnosis and treatment, the claims of which were justified by scientific principles. In comparison with this, preventive measures were far less convincing and were, moreover, hampered in that they were less positively effective.
KeywordsCholesterol Obesity Smoke Protec Preconceive
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