The Risk Factor Model and Life-Styles Relevant to Health

  • J. von Troschke
Conference paper


Measures relating to preventive medicine are sanctioned by the state of knowledge about the aetiology of disease prevailing at the time. At the beginning, knowledge about edible and inedible plants was applied empirically. Later, observations were made which were converted into hygienic measures as a protection against infectious diseases. From time immemorial, an important role in the advice given by doctors with regard to the maintenance of health has been played by ethically based precepts relating to life-style and, associated with them, ideas about how to strengthen the power of resistance to disease. In keeping with the culturally and socially determined view of man prevailing at the time, individuals were either urged to adopt an attitude of responsibility for their own health, or government measures for normative regulation, designed to protect the health of the population, were implemented. With the growing knowledge of scientific medicine, the possibilities in the therapeutic field gained in importance, resulting in a reduced interest in prevention. The art of medicine expanded, above all, in the fields of diagnosis and treatment, the claims of which were justified by scientific principles. In comparison with this, preventive measures were far less convincing and were, moreover, hampered in that they were less positively effective.


Unpleasant Feeling Time Immemorial Risk Avoidance Unpleasant Side Effect Risk Factor Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Schaefer H, Blohmke M (1978) Sozialmedizin. Thieme, Stuttgart New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Best JA, Hakstian AR (1978) A situation-specific model for smoking behavior. Addict Behav 3: 79–92PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    McKennell AC (1970) Smoking motivation factors. Br J Soc Clin Psychol 9: 8–22PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Russell MAH, Peto J, Patel UA (1974) The classification of smoking by a factorial structure of motives. Jr Statist Soc 131: 313–346Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Feinhandler SHJ (1981) Social function as component of marked value. Conference ‘Analysis of consumer policy’. May 18–19, 1981, Wharton Applied Research Center, University of PennsylvaniaGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tomkins SS (1968) A modified model of smoking behavior. In: Borgatta EF, Evans R (eds) Smoking, health and behavior. ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bundesgesundheitsrat (1989) Votum vom 13. April 1989 zur Verwirklichung der Einzelziele der WHO-Strategie ‘Gesundheit 2000’ in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. In: Bundesvereinigung fur Gesundheitserziehung eV (Hrsg) 40 Jahre Gesundheitserziehung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: Ruckblick — Ausblick — PerspektivenGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bundesminister fur Forschung und Technologie (Hrsg) (1988) Forschung und Entwicklung im Dienste der Gesundheit. Programm der BundesregierungGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Troschke Jv (1989) Motivierung im Gespräch. In: Bundesvereinigung für Gesundheitserziehung eV (Hrsg) Troschke Jv 1989. BonnGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. von Troschke

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations