Advertisement

Micropropagation of Persian Walnut (Juglans regia L.)

  • C. Leslie
  • G. McGranahan
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 18)

Abstract

The English or Persian walnut (Juglans regia L.), a member of the Juglandaceae, is native to the mountain ranges of central Asia (McGranahan and Leslie 1990). This species of walnut is valued commercially for its nuts and in some areas for its timber. It is now extensively cultivated in North and South America, Europe, Asia and to a limited extent in North Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. Related species include the black walnuts (J. nigra, J. hindsii, J. major), butternut (J. cinerea), pecans and hickories (Carya spp.), and wingnuts (Pterocarya spp.).

Keywords

Somatic Embryo Adventitious Root Zygotic Embryo Axillary Shoot Embryonic Axis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderson WC (1975) Propagation of rhododendrons by tissue culture. Part 1. Development of a culture medium for multiplication of shoots. In: Briggs B (ed) Nursery understanding of tissue culture. Combined ProC Int Plant Propagators Soc 25: 129–135Google Scholar
  2. Chalupa V (1981) Clonal propagation of broad-leaved forest trees in vitro. Comm Inst Forest Cech 12: 255–271Google Scholar
  3. Cheng TY (1977) Factors effecting adventitious formation of cotyledon culture of Douglas fir. Plant Sci Lett 9: 179–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cossio F, Minolta G (1983) Prove preliminari di coltura in vitro di embrioni isolati di noce (Juglans regia L.) e confronto tra differenti combinazioni di sali minerali. Riv Ortoflorofrutt Ital 67: 287–298Google Scholar
  5. Driver JA, Kuniyuki AH (1984) In vitro propagation of paradox walnut rootstock. Hort Sci 19: 507–509Google Scholar
  6. Driver JA, Suttle GRL (1987) Nursery handling of propagules. In: Bonga JM, Durzan DJ (eds) Cell and tissue culture in forestry, vol 2. Martinus Nijhoff, Boston, pp 320–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fabbri A, Bartolini G (1985) Anatomical observations on roots of vegetatively propagated paradox plantlets. Riv Fruitticoltura Ortofloricoltura 47: 43–46Google Scholar
  8. FAO (1986) F AO production yearbook 40. RomeGoogle Scholar
  9. Gamborg OL, Miller RA, Ojima K (1968) Nutrient requirements of suspension cultures of soybean root cells. Exp Cell Res 50: 151–158PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Germain E, de Preville D, Dosba F (1990) Behavior of the progenies of Juglans interspecific hybrids towards cherry leaf roll virus (CLRV). In: Abstr Contrib Pap XXIII, vol 1. Int Horticultural Congr, Firenze, Italy, pp 56Google Scholar
  11. Gruselle R, Badia N, Boxus P (1987) Walnut micropropagation: first results. Acta Hort 212: 511–515Google Scholar
  12. Hartmann HT, Rester DE (1983) Plant propagation principals and practices, 4th edn. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJGoogle Scholar
  13. Heile-Sudholt C, Huetteman CA, Preece JE, Van Sambeek JW, Gaffney GR (1986) In vitro embryonic axis and shoot tip culture of Juglans nigra L. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 6: 189–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jay-Allemand C (1982) Culture in vitro du Noyer (Juglans sp.). Étude experimentale sur l’ensemencement d’embryons isoles et de bourgeons. PEA d’agromie Université des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc de Montpellier, France, p 125Google Scholar
  15. Jay-Allemand C (1985) Les marqueurs biochemiques de la juvénilité chez le noyer (Juglans nigra et Juglans nigra x Juglans regia). These de doctorat en sciences agronomique. Université des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc de Montpellier, France, pp 277Google Scholar
  16. Jay-Allemand C, Cornu D (1986) Culture in vitro d’embryons isoles de noyer commun (Juglans regia L.). Ann Sci For (Paris) 43: 189–198Google Scholar
  17. Lee MH, Ahn CY, Park CS (1986) In vitro propagation of Juglans sinsensis Dode from bud culture. Research Report of the Institute of Forest Genetics, vol 22. Forestry Administration, Suwon, Korea, pp 159–163Google Scholar
  18. Liu S, Han B (1986) In vitro propagation of walnut (Juglans regia L.). Acta Agrie Univ Pekinensis 12: 143–151Google Scholar
  19. Lloyd G, McCown B (1980) Commercially-feasible micropropagation of mountain laurel, Kalmia latifolia, by use of shoot tip culture. Proc Int Plant Prop Soc 30: 421–427Google Scholar
  20. McGranahan GH, Leslie CA (1990) Walnuts (Juglans L.). In: Moore JN, Ballington JR (eds) Genetic resources of temperate fruit and nut crops. Acta Hort 290: 907–951Google Scholar
  21. McGranahan GH, Tulecke W, Arulsekar S, Hansen J J (1986) Intergeneric hybridization in the Juglandaceae: Pterocarya sp. x Juglans regia. J Am Soc Hort Sci 111: 627–630Google Scholar
  22. McGranahan GH, Driver J A, Tulecke W (1987) Tissue culture of Juglans. In: Bonga JM, Durzan DJ (eds) Cell and tissue culture in forestry, vol 3. Martinus Nijhoff, Boston, pp 261–271Google Scholar
  23. McGranahan GH, Leslie CA, Driver J A (1988a) In vitro propagation of mature Persian walnut cultivars. Hort Sci 23: 220Google Scholar
  24. McGranahan GH, Leslie CA, Uratsu SL, Martin LA, Dandekar AM (1988b) Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of walnut somatic embryos and regeneration of transgenic plants. Bio/Technology 6: 800–804CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Meynier V (1984) Contribution de la culture de meristemes a la micropropagation in vitro du noyer. Ann Rech Sylvicoles 75–85Google Scholar
  26. Murashige T, Skoog F (1962) A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassays with tobacco tissue cultures. Physiol Plant 15: 473–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Penuela R, Gara vito C, Sanchez-Tames R, Rodriguez R (1987) Multiple shoot-bud stimulation and rhizogenic induction on axillary shoots of walnut embryonic axes (Abstr). In: Int Symp on Vegetative propagation of woody species, Pisa, Italy, p 98Google Scholar
  28. Polito VS, McGranahan GH, Pinney K, Leslie CA (1989) Origin of somatic embryos from repetitively embryogenic cultures of walnut (Juglans regia L.): implications for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Plant Cell Rep 8: 219–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Preece JE, Van Sambeek JW, Huetteman CA, Gaffney GR (1989) Biotechnology: in vitro studies with walnut (Juglans) species. In: Phelps JE (ed) The continuing quest for quality. Proc 4th Black walnut Symp. Carbondale, 1L, pp 159–180Google Scholar
  30. Rodriguez R (1982a) Callus initiation and root formation from in vitro culture of walnut cotyledons. Hort Sci 17: 195–196Google Scholar
  31. Rodriguez R (1982b) Stimulation of multiple shoot-bud formation in walnut seeds. Hort Sci 17: 592Google Scholar
  32. Rodriguez R, Sanchez-Tames R (1981) Cultivo de Tejidos y diferenciación en nogal. Rev Fac Cien Univ Oviedo (Ser Biología) 22: 21–28Google Scholar
  33. Rodriguez R, Revilla A, Albuerne M, Perez C (1989) Walnut (Juglans spp.). In: Bajaj YPS (ed) Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry. Trees II, Vol 5. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 99–126Google Scholar
  34. Sauer DB, Burroughs R (1986) Disinfection of seed surfaces with sodium hypochlorite. Phytopathalogy, 79: 745–749CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Skirvin RM (1981) Fruit crops. In: Conger BV (ed) Cloning agricultural plants via in vitro techniques. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, pp 51–139Google Scholar
  36. Stefan SJ, Millikan DF (1985) Micropropagation of black walnut, Juglans nigra. Phytopathology, 75: 966–967Google Scholar
  37. Tulecke W, McGranahan GH (1985) Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration from cotyledons of walnut, Juglans regia L. Plant Sci 40: 57–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tulecke W, McGranahan GH, Ahmadi H (1988) Regeneration by somatic embryogenesis of triploid plants from endosperm of walnut, Juglans regia L. cv. Manregian. Plant Cell Rep 7: 301–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. White P (1963) The cultivation of animal and plant cells. Ronald Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Leslie
  • G. McGranahan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PomologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

Personalised recommendations