Computer-Controlled Greenhouses in Japan

Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 17)


Application of microcomputers to environmental control for commercial greenhouses in Japan is said to date back to 1979. The Japan Greenhouse Horticulture Association’s statistic data for 1990 (investigated during the period of July 1988 to June 1989) gives a total facility area of 2074 ha for glasshouses and 46737 ha for plastic houses, with a combined total area amounting to 48811 ha (covering greenhouses providing enough height for persons working in them to stand upright). Among these greenhouses, 74 ha of well-equipped glasshouses (totaling 571 units) and 114 ha of plastic houses (totaling 470 units) employ microcomputers for environmental control. About ten manufacturers produce microcomputers used for these purposes. The present statistics does not include equipment used in soilless culture.


Solar Radiation Plastic House Soilless Culture Line Pump Entire Facility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Harazono Y, Kamiya H, Yabiki K (1988) A control method based on an artificial intelligence technique and its application for controlling plant environment. Acta Hortic 230: 209–214Google Scholar
  2. Hirafuji M, Ono Y, Kobayashi K (1988) A knowledge-based system and a neurocomputer for agricultural information processing. Acta Hortic 230: 253–259Google Scholar
  3. Japan Greenhouse Horticulture Association (1990) Area of glasshouses, plastic houses, etc. for horticulture.Google Scholar
  4. Vegetable Production and Marketing Division, Food and Marketing Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (ed) Jpn Greenhouse Hortic Assoc, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  5. Kano A, Shimaji H (1988) Greenhouse environmental control system with a crop model and expert system. Acta Hortic 230: 229–236Google Scholar
  6. Kozai T, Itou T, Inayama M, Kobayashi H (1982) Development of a microcomputer-based environment control and data-logging system for greenhouses and its field test. J Agric Meteorol 38: 45–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kurata K (1988) Greenhouse control by machine learning. Acta Hortic 230: 195–200Google Scholar
  8. Takakura T, Okada M, Shimaji H, Nara M (1979) Development of a microprocessor-based multi-variable control system for greenhouses. J Agric Meteorol 35: 97–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Date
    • 1
  1. 1.Yamamoto Agricultural CorporationIwata-Gun Shizuoka-PrefectureJapan

Personalised recommendations