Endoscopic laser therapy in colorectal cancer

  • Mark H. Mellow
Conference paper

Abstract

Strong consideration should be given to the use of laser treatment as an alternative to surgery for palliation in patients with advanced metastatic rectal cancer. Based upon the lower cost and equivalent efficacy with surgery, laser treatment is cost-effective. In the light of this, laser treatment should be considered as an option to surgery in some patients with advanced disease. It is in these patients, however, where one must be cautious in recommending laser treatment indiscriminately. Advanced age alone should not be a sufficient reason for deciding against surgery. While it may be generally desirable to preserve the rectum, it is clear from our analysis that the presence of a rectum in no way assures satisfactory defecation. Thus, long circumferential lesions, especially those traversing the rectosigmoid angle, may be better treated with surgery even in the presence of metastic disease, as long as the overall condition of the patient suggests reasonable survival, i.e. of more than 6 months. Any future advance in ontological therapy resulting in significant improvement in survival in patients with metastatic disease will also change the therapeutic approach to the primary tumor. Further studies are required to define which patients should be selected for endoscopic therapy. It is clear that laser treatment can eradicate totally a rectal cancer localized to the bowel wall at the time of initial treatment. Five of our patients have no evidence of residual or recurrent disease more than 12 months after laser treatment. Escourrou has reported a similar experience in a larger series [4]. These patients were however selected for laser treatment only owing to the presence of special contraindications for surgery and at the present time laser treatment cannot be recommended as the treatment of choice for curative intent.

Keywords

Catheter Adenocarcinoma Pneumonia Assure Midazolam 

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References

  1. 1.
    Mathus-Vliegen EMH, Tytgat GNJ (1986) Laser ablation and palliation in colorectal malignancy — Results of a multicenter inquiry. Gastrointest Endosc 32: 393–399PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Brunetaud JM, Maunoury V, Ducrotte P, Cochelard D, Cortot A, Paris JC (1987) Palliative treatment of rectosigmoid carcinoma by laser endoscopie photoablation. Gastroenterology 92: 663–668PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mellow MH (in press) Endoscopie laser therapy as an alternative to palliative surgery of adenocarcinoma of the rectum — Comparison of costs and complications. Gastrointest EndoscGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Escourrou J, Delvaux MD, Bellissen F, Frexinos J, Ribet A (1987) Laser treatment for unoperable rectal cancer — Results of a six-year experience. Gastrointest Endosc 33: 188Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark H. Mellow
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Oklahoma School of MedicineOklahoma CityUSA
  2. 2.Division of GastroenterologyOklahoma City ClinicOklahoma CityUSA

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