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Erfassung und Differenzierung schizophrener Minussymptomatik mit objektiven verhaltensanalytischen Methoden

  • W. Gaebel

Zusammenfassung

Minussymptomatik, Negativsymptomatik, Defekt-, Defizit- oder Residual-syndrome sind Bezeichnungen für unterschiedliche psychopathologische Aspekte einer ungünstigen Verlaufsentwicklung schizophrener Psychosen. Hinter der unterschiedlichen Terminologie stehen unterschiedliche pathogenetische Konzepte, mit Hilfe derer die Ausformung und verlaufsstadienspezifische Akzentuierung derartiger Syndrome erklärt wird. Antriebsmangel, intellektueller Abbau, affektive Verflachung, emotionale Labilität und autistischer Rückzug sind die wesentlichen Merkmale von Defizienzsyndromen (Mundt 1984), die trotz ihrer phänomenologischen Heterogenität als Ausdruck einer schizophrenietypischen „Grundstörung“ angesehen werden, ohne daß diese bisher zu belegen gewesen wäre.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

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  • W. Gaebel

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