The Contribution of the BIOMASS Program to Antarctic Marine Ecosystem Research

  • S. Z. El-Sayed
Conference paper


The BIOMASS Colloquium, to be held in Bremerhaven, FRG, in 1991, marks the end of a glorious scientific era in the study of the Southern Ocean. BIOMASS is an acronym for Biological Investigations of Marine Antarctic Systems and Stocks. It is therefore fitting to examine the accomplishments of this program and to discuss its impact on the study of the ecosystem of the Southern Ocean and on the conservation of the marine living resources of Antarctica in general, and future biological research in the Southern Ocean in particular. In order to do so, it is useful to know the circumstances that led to the development of this international cooperative venture (see El-Sayed 1977 for details).


Southern Ocean Target Strength Antarctic Krill Baleen Whale Euphausia Superba 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Z. El-Sayed
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OceanographyTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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