A syllable-based net-linguistic approach to lexical access

  • Claudia Kunze
Conference paper
Part of the Informatik-Fachberichte book series (INFORMATIK, volume 252)


This paper is concerned with a net-linguistic approach to the simulation of lexical access focussing on the syllable as the basic unit in speech processing. A connectionist localist architecture serves to represent a hierarchically organized multi-layered structure ranging from simple peripheral levels like the phoneme layer up to more complex conceptual levels (syllabic, morphemic and word layers) that are involved in word recognition. Besides this stratification, the parallel processing mode and an overall mechanism to shift incoming units serve to develop a network that demonstrates the growth of phonomorphological structure and its ambiguities while at the same time preserving the temporal dimension of speech.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bouda, H. & Bouwhuis, D. (1984). Attention and performance X. Control of language processes. [Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Attention and Performance, Venlo July 4–9, 1982.] London: n.p.Google Scholar
  2. Erman, L.E & Lesser, V.R. (1980). The HEARSAY-II speech understanding system: A tutorial. In: W.A. Lea (ed.) Trends in speech recognition Eaglewood Cliffs: New York, pp. 361–381.Google Scholar
  3. Elman, J. & Zipser, D. (1988). “Discovering the hidden structure of speech.” Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 83, pp. 1615–1626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Frauenfelder, U. & Segui, J. (1989). “Phoneme monitoring and lexical processing: Evidence for associative context effects.” Memory and Cognition 17, pp. 134–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Frauenfelder, U. & Tyler, L. (1987). “The process of spoken word recognition. An introduction.” Cognition 25, pp. 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Marslen-Wilson, W. (1984). “Function and process in spoken word recognition.” In: Bouda & Bouwhuis ( 1984 ), pp. 125–150.Google Scholar
  7. Marslen-Wilson, W. (1987). “Functional parallelism in spoken word recognition.” Cognition 25, pp. 71–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. McClelland, J. & Elman, J. (1986). “Interactive processes in speech perception: The TRACE model.” In: McClelland, J., Rumelhart, D. & The PDP Research Group. Parallel Distributed Processing. Explorations in the microstructure of cognition. Vol. 2: Psychological and biological models. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, pp. 58–121.Google Scholar
  9. Schnelle, H. (1988). “Ansätze zur prozessualen Linguistik.” In: Schnelle, H. & Rickheit, G. Sprache in Mensch und Computer. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.Google Scholar
  10. Segui, J. (1984). “The syllable: A basic perceptual unit in speech processing?” In: Bouda & Bouwhuis ( 1984 ). pp. 165–181.Google Scholar
  11. Waibel, A., Hazanawa, A., Hinton, G., Shikano, K., & Lang, K. (1987). “Phoneme recognition using time-delay neural networks.” ATR Technical Report TR-1–0006. ATR Interpreting Telephony Research Laboratories.Google Scholar
  12. Wiese, R. (1988). Silbische und lexikalische Phonologie. Studien zum Chinesischen und Deutschen. Tübingen: Niemeyer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Kunze
    • 1
  1. 1.Sprachwissenschaftliches InstitutRuhr-Universität BochumBochum 1Germany

Personalised recommendations