Productivity and New Production of the Oceanic System

  • George A. Knauer
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 4)


Until the radiocarbon method for estimating primary production was developed by Steeman-Nielsen (1952), our understanding of global productivity distributions was, at best, rudimentary. Using this new technique, Steeman-Nielsen and Jensen (1957) collected over 700 measurements during the globe-circling Galathea expedition and produced the first semiquantitative maps of primary production. The earliest quantitative map of global primary production was that of Fleming (1957). While based on the Galathea data, Fleming’s map used both biological and physical oceanographic data in selecting distributional patterns.


Dioxide Chlorophyll Depression Urea Phytoplankton 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • George A. Knauer
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Marine ScienceUniversity of Southern Mississippi NASA, John C. Stennis Space Center Stennis Space CenterUSA

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