Health Risks Associated with Autonomic Nervous System Malfunction

  • C. M. Shapiro
Conference paper

Abstract

If one attempts to date the first descriptions of autonomic instability during dreaming sleep, one has the difficulty of deciding whether descriptions before the formal characterisation of REM sleep on electroencephalographie grounds are simply intuitive or indicative of an appreciation of phenomena that now would be associated with REM sleep. One of the clearest early descriptions was by MacWilliam [22], the then Professor of Physiology in Aberdeen, who wrote in a paper entitled “Blood pressure and heart action in sleep and dreams”, that

The results obtained in the present investigation lead to the conclusion that in considering that subject of sleep we have to deal with two distinct conditions, which have strikingly different associations as far as nervous, circulatory, respiratory, and other functions are concerned: (1) undisturbed or sound sleep, attended by lowering of blood pressure, heart and respiratory rates, etc., sometimes accompanied by extensive rises of blood pressure (hithero not recognised), increased heart action, changes in respiration, and various reflex effects.

Keywords

Attenuation Respiration Adenosine Neuropathy Noradrenaline 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. M. Shapiro
    • 1
  1. 1.University Departments of Psychiatry and Respiratory MedicineRoyal Edinburgh HospitalEdinburghUnited Kingdom

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