Lysosomal Enzymuria in the Diagnosis of Upper versus Lower Urinary Tract Infections
For following the progress of renal infections, particularly when there is a question whether the cause of a kidney infection can be corrected surgically, it is important to be able to differentiate between urinary tract infections in which the renal parenchyma is involved and those in which it is not. The classical symptoms, such as fever and flank pain, can occur in bladder and kidney infections, according to findings by Busch and Huland 1984, just as antibody-coated bacteria have been found in both cases (Stamey 1980).
KeywordsGlomerular Filtration Rate Urinary Tract Infection Renal Parenchyma Acute Pyelonephritis Hemorrhagic Cystitis
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