Active Specific Immunotherapy in Renal Cell Carcinoma: Optimization
The requirements for effective cancer vaccines have gradually been worked out in experimental models over the past 15 years [1–3]. Many clinical trials in this field were initiated before this information was available or did not adhere to the methodologic requirements that had been found in the animal studies. As a consequence, there are several negative clinical investigations of active specific immunotherapy in which failure was a virtual certainty [4–6] when looked at in retrospect with regard to the requirements that have been identified in animal models. Some of the key requirements are as follows.
KeywordsRenal Cell Carcinoma Renal Carcinoma Antigenic Diversity Autologous Tumor Cell Active Specific Immunotherapy
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