The Arms Trade and Regional Conflict: Suppliers’ Policies and Behaviour and Their Consequences
For much of the post-1945 era, arms transfers have been a crucial part of the major powers’ relations with the Third World. Although these powers have tried to establish close ties with the developing countries through a variety of non-military methods — including economic assistance, trade, educational exchanges, and political cooperation — arms transfers have remained the major instrument in building and changing regional alliances. Thus, in spite of the centrality of East-West relations in world politics, the Third World has been the field where indirect confrontation has taken place. Of course, regional factors, historical as well as geopolitical, have played their part in leading to the great powers being called upon for help. However, Third World conflicts presented an opportunity for the major powers, and especially the superpowers, to intervene directly and indirectly in these conflicts. In the last four decades certain patterns for arms transfers have emerged.
KeywordsSecurity Council Black Market Major Power Regional Conflict Soviet Position
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