Scour and Fill: The Significance of Event Separation

  • R. Goldring
  • T. Aigner


Scour structures where cut and fill events were separated by a significant time interval are described. Palaeontologically this interval is important:
  1. (a)

    in allowing faunal colonisation of scoured surfaces (communities) and

  2. (b)

    in enhancing preservation potential (fossil traps). Both sand-filled scours, and the lesser known mud-filled ones cut into sands, are particularly typical of shelf facies.



Lower Jurassic Lower Devonian Fill Event Cohesive Sediment Sand Fill 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. AIGNER, T. & FUTTERER, E. (1978): Kolk-Töpfe und -Rinnen (pot and gutter casts) im Muschelkalk–Anzeiger für Wattenmeer?–N.Jb.Geol.Paläont., Abh., 156(3); 285–304.Google Scholar
  2. BALDWIN, C.T. & JOHNSON, H.D. (1977): Sandstone mounds and associated facies sequences in some late Precambrian and Cambro-Ordovician inshore tidal flat lagoonal deposits.–Sedimentology, 24: 801–818.Google Scholar
  3. BASSET, D.A. & WALTON, E.K. (1960): The Hell’s Mouth Grits: Cambrian greywackes in the St. Tudwal’s peninsula, North Wales. - Quart. J. geol. Soc. Lond., 116: 85–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. BLOOS, G. (1973): Ein Fund von Seeigeln der Gattung Diademopsis aus dem Hetangium Württembergs und ihr Lebensraum. - Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk., B, 5: 1–25.Google Scholar
  5. BLOOS, G. (1976): Untersuchungen über Bau und Entstehung der feinkörnigen Sandsteine des Schwarzen Jura (Hettangium) und tiefstes Sinemurium im Schwäbischen Sedimentationsbereich. - Arb. Inst. Geol. Palaeont. Univ. Stuttgart, N.F. 71: 1–269.Google Scholar
  6. CALEF, C.E. & HANCOCK, N.J. (1974): Wenlock and Ludlow marine communities in Wales and the Welsh Borderland.–Palaeontology, 17: 779–810.Google Scholar
  7. CRIMES, T.P. (1970): A facies analysis of the Cambrian of Wales.–Palaeogeogr. etc., 7: 113–170.Google Scholar
  8. FLOOD, R.D. (1981): Distribution, morphology, and origin of sedimentary furrows in cohesive sediments, Southampton Water.–Sedimentology, 28: 511–529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. FLOOD, R.D. & HOLLISTER, C.D. (1980): Submersible studies of deep-sea furrows and transverse ripples in cohesive sediments. - Mar.Geol., 36: M 1 - M 9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. FÜRSICH, F, (1979): Genesis, environments and ecology of Jurassic hardgrounds.–N.Jb.Geol.Paläont., Abh., 158: 1–63.Google Scholar
  11. GOLRING, R. (1971): Shallow-water sedimentation as illustrated in the Upper Devonian Baggy Beds. - Mem. geol. Soc. Lond., 5: 1–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. GOLDRING, R, & BRIDGES, P.H. (1973): Sublitoral sheet sandstones.–J. sediment. Petrol., 43: 736–747.Google Scholar
  13. GOLDRING, R. & LANGENSTRASSEN, F. (1979): Open-shelf and near-shore clastic facies in the Devonian.–Spec. Papers Palaeontology, 23: 81–97.Google Scholar
  14. GREENSMITH, J.T., RAWSON, P.F. & SHALABY, S.E. (1980): An associa-tion of minor fining-upward cycles and aligned gutter marks in the Middle Lias (Lower Jurassic) of the Yorkshire coast. - Proc. Yorkshire Geol. Soc., 42: 525–538.Google Scholar
  15. KUDRASS, H.-R. (1967): Strömungsmarken im unteren Muschelkalk des SE-Schwarzwaldes. Ber.naturf.Ges.Freiburg i.Br., 57: 203–206.Google Scholar
  16. MACAR, P. & EK, C. (1965): Un curieux phenomene d’erosion famenniene: les ‘pains de grès’ de Chambrelles (Ardenne Belge).–Sedimento-logy, 4: 53–64.Google Scholar
  17. MCKERROW, W.S. (1978): The ecology of fossils.- 384 pp. Duckworth, London.Google Scholar
  18. NORDMAN, J.O. (1964): Lake Vattern. Investigations on shore and bottom morphology.- Meddn. Upp. Univ. geogr. Instn., 194: 1–238.Google Scholar
  19. POTTER, J.F. & PRICE, J.H. (1965): Comparative sections through rocks of Ludlovian–Downtonian age in the Llandovery and Llandeilo districts.- Proc. geol. Assoc., 74: 379–402.Google Scholar
  20. ROSENKRANTZ, D. (1971): Zur Sedimentologie und Ökologie von Echinodermen-Lagerstätten.- N.Jb.Geol.Paläont.Abh., 138: 221–258.Google Scholar
  21. SEIBOLD, E. (1963): Geological investigations of near-shore sand transport, 3–70. In SEARS, M.: ‘Progress in Oceanography’, 1, Pergamon, London.Google Scholar
  22. SEILACHER, A. (1955): Spuren und Fazies im Unterkambrium. In SCHINDE-WOLF, O. & SEILACHER, A. Beiträge zum Kenntnis des Kambriums in der Salt Range (Pakistan).- Abh. Akad. Wissen. Lit. Mainz.1 10; 373–399Google Scholar
  23. SHROCK, R.R. (1948): Sequence in layered rocks.- 507 pp. McGraw Hill. New York.Google Scholar
  24. STANLEY, D.J. & WEAR, C.M. (1978): The ‘mud-line’: an erosion-depo-sition boundary in the upper continental slope.- Mar. geol., 28: 19–29.Google Scholar
  25. WHITAKER, J.H.McD. (1973): ‘Gutter casts’, a new name for scour-andfill structures: with examples from the Llandoverian of Ringerike and Malmoya, southern Norway.- Norsk Geol. Tidskrift, 53:403–417.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Goldring
  • T. Aigner

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations