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Abstract

In this book we have examined hydrothermal processess, the origin and nature of their products, i.e. their mineral deposits, the nature of the geological terranes and the geotectonic settings in which they occur. We have seen that these processess are essentially confined to the upper 10–15 km of the lithosphere. There are five major factors that govern hydrothermal processess and the mineral deposits that are formed by them, namely: (1) the energy sources; (2) the source rock; (3) the water (the solvent); (4) the channelways, sensu lato, which allow the movement of the solutions; and (5) the site of discharge and/or precipitation of solutes.

Keywords

Source Rock Black Shale Meteoric Water Hydrothermal System Massive Sulphide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franco Pirajno
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geology Mineral ExplorationRhodes UniversityGrahmstownSouth Africa

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