The Painful Shoulder: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings
The painful shoulder is a common clinical problem caused by a wide spectrum of disorders. Noninvasive imaging modalities including plain radiography, radionuclide studies, tomography, ultrasonography, and computerized tomography do not allow a global evaluation of the shoulder structures. Invasive examinations such as arthrography and computerized arthrotomography may yield a more specific diagnosis but are not without morbidity. Recent technical advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have allowed significant improvement in the ability to obtain diagnostic images of the shoulder (Kieft et al. 1986; Middleton et al. 1987). MRI has demonstrated considerable potential in noninvasively diagnosing many shoulder disorders, particularly those due to anterior mechanism syndrome and rotator cuff disease. The purpose of this study is to illustrate our preliminary experience with MRI in the evaluation of patients with glenohumeral joint diseases in order to demonstrate its potential utility in clinical practice.
KeywordsAttenuation Radionuclide Bursitis Tendinitis
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Seeger LL, Gold RH, Basset LW et al. (1988) Shoulder impingement syndrome: MR imaging. Radiology 166: 211–214Google Scholar
- Zlatkin MB, Bjorkengren AG, Gylys-Morin V et al. (1988) Crosssectional imaging of the capsular mechanism of the glenohumeral joint. AJR 150: 15–158Google Scholar
- Zlatkin MB, Dalinka MK, Kressel H Y (1989) Magnetic resonance imaging of the shoulder. Magn Reson Q 5: 1, 3–22Google Scholar