The Painful Shoulder: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings
The painful shoulder is a common clinical problem caused by a wide spectrum of disorders. Noninvasive imaging modalities including plain radiography, radionuclide studies, tomography, ultrasonography, and computerized tomography do not allow a global evaluation of the shoulder structures. Invasive examinations such as arthrography and computerized arthrotomography may yield a more specific diagnosis but are not without morbidity. Recent technical advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have allowed significant improvement in the ability to obtain diagnostic images of the shoulder (Kieft et al. 1986; Middleton et al. 1987). MRI has demonstrated considerable potential in noninvasively diagnosing many shoulder disorders, particularly those due to anterior mechanism syndrome and rotator cuff disease. The purpose of this study is to illustrate our preliminary experience with MRI in the evaluation of patients with glenohumeral joint diseases in order to demonstrate its potential utility in clinical practice.
KeywordsRotator Cuff Humeral Head Rotator Cuff Tear Supraspinatus Tendon Subscapularis Tendon
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