Advertisement

A Systematic Revision of the Central-Atlantic Halichondrida (Demospongiae, Porifera). Part I: Evaluation of Characters and Diagnosis of Genera

  • M. C. Diaz
  • R. W. M. van Soest
  • S. A. Pomponi

Abstract

The order Halichondrida has been erected to separate demosponges that possess a confused skeletal arrangement, a simple spicule complement of oxea, and/or styles and a differentiated ectosomal skeleton (Levi 1973; Bergquist 1978; Hartman 1982). Although at present, they are considered a separate order, the problem is recognized of establishing the relationships within the group and with other Demospongiae orders.

Keywords

Gulf ofMexico Wide Size Range Peripheral Skeleton Perpendicular Section Tangential View 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alcolado P (1984) Nuevas especies de esponjas encontradas en Cuba. Poeyana 271:1–22Google Scholar
  2. Berg C (1899) Substitución de nombres genericos III. Commun Mus Nac Buenos Aires 1:77–80Google Scholar
  3. Bergquist PR (1968) The marine fauna of New Zealand: Porifera, Demospongiae Part I. NZ Oceanogr Inst Mem 37:1–105Google Scholar
  4. Bergquist PR (1978) Sponges. University of California Press, Berkeley, pp 1–268, Pis 1–12Google Scholar
  5. Bergquist PR (1980) The ordinal and subclass classification of the Demospongiae (Porifera); appraisal of the present arrangement, and proposal of a new order. NZ J Zool 7:1–6Google Scholar
  6. Bowerbank JS (1862) On the anatomy and physiology of the Spongiadae Part III. Philos Trans R Soc Lond 152:1087–1135, pis 72–74Google Scholar
  7. Bowerbank JS (1864) A monograph of the British Spongiadae I. Ray Society London I-XX, pp 1–290, pis I-XXXVIIGoogle Scholar
  8. Burton M (1930) Additions to the sponge fauna at Plymouth. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 16(2):489–507CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Burton M (1931a) Studies on Norwegian sponges I Det Kong. Nor Vidensk Selsk Forh 4(38): 136–139Google Scholar
  10. Burton M (1931b) A collection of marine sponges mostly from the Natal coast. Ann Natal Mus 6(3):337–358 pl XXIIIGoogle Scholar
  11. Carter HJ (1886) Descriptions of sponges from neighborhood of Port Philip Heads, South Australia, continued. Ann Mag Nat Hist (5) 17:40–43, 112–127, 431–441, 502–516 & (5) 18:34–55, 126–149Google Scholar
  12. Carter HJ (1887) Report on the marine sponges, chiefly from King Island in the Mergui Archipelago. J Linn Soc London 21:61–84, pis 5–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. De Laubenfels MW (1934) New sponges from the Puerto Rican deep. Smithson Misc Colt 91 (17): 1–28Google Scholar
  14. De Laubenfels MW (1936) A discussion of the sponge fauna of the Dry Tortugas in particular and the West Indies in general, with material for a revision of the families and orders of the Porifera. Publ Carnegie Inst Wash 467 Pap Tortugas Lab 30:1–225Google Scholar
  15. De Laubenfels MW (1953) Sponges from the Gulf of Mexico. Bull Mar Sci Gulf Caribbean 2:511–557Google Scholar
  16. Dendy A (1922) Report on the Sigmatotetraxonidae collected by HMS “Sealark” in the Indian Ocean. Trans Linn Soc Lond Zool 18(1): 1–164, pis 1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Diaz MC, Alvarez B, van Soest RWM (1987) New species of Demospongiae, (Porifera) from the National Park Archipiélago Los Roques, Venezuela. Bijdr Dierkd 57(1):31–41Google Scholar
  18. Ehlers EH (1870) Die Esperschen Spongien in der Zoologischen Sammlung der K. Universität Erlangen. E Th Jacob, Erlangen, pp 36Google Scholar
  19. Esper E JC (1791–94) Die Pflanzentieren in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Raspe, Nürnberg Zweyter Theil, pp 1–303, pls 1–109Google Scholar
  20. Fleming J (1828) A history of British Animals. Edinburgh, pp 1–156Google Scholar
  21. Hartman WD (1982) Porifera. In: Parker SP (ed) Synopsis and classification of living organisms, vol 1. McGraw-Hill, New York, pp 640–666Google Scholar
  22. Hechtel G (1983) New species of marine Demospongiae from Brazil. TheringiaSer Zool Porto Alegre (63): 58–89Google Scholar
  23. Hoppe WF, Reichert MJM (1987) Predictable annual mass release of gametes by the coral reef sponge Neofibularia nolitangere (Porifera, Demospongiae). Mar Biol 94:277–285Google Scholar
  24. Kirkpatrick R (1903) Descriptions of South African sponges Part III. Mar Invest South Africa 2:233–264, pis 5–6Google Scholar
  25. Lendenfeld R von (1897) Spongien von Sansibar. Abh Senckenb Naturforsch Ges 21:93–133Google Scholar
  26. Levi C (1956) Etude des Halisarca de Roseoff, Embryologie et systematique des Demosponges. Arch Zool Exp Gen 93(1): 1–181Google Scholar
  27. Levi C (1957) Ontogeny and Systematics in Sponges. Syst Zool 6:174–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Levi C (1973) Systematique de la classe Demospongia (Demosponges). Traite Zool 3(1):577–631Google Scholar
  29. Montagu G (1818) An essay on sponges with descriptions of all the species that have been discovered on the coast of Great Britain. Mem Wern Nat Hist Soc 2(1):67–122, pis 3–16Google Scholar
  30. Pallas PS (1766) Elenchus Zoophytorum. P Van Cleef The Hague, pp 1–451 Parker GH (1910) The reactions of sponges with a consideration of the origin of nervous system. J Exp Zool 8:765–805Google Scholar
  31. Pulitzer-Finali G (1983) A collection of the Mediterranean Demospongiae (Porifera) with, in appendix, a list of the Demospongiae hitherto recorded from the Mediterranean sea. Estratt Dagli Ann Mus Civ Stor Nat Genova 84:445–621Google Scholar
  32. Pulitzer-Finali G (1986) A collection of Demospongiae from the West Indies with, in appendix, a list of Demospongiae hitherto recorded from the West Indies. Ann Mus Civ Stor Nat Giacomo Doria 86:1–216Google Scholar
  33. Reiswig HE (1976) Natural gamete release and oviparity in Caribbean Demospongiae. In: Harrison FW, Cowden RR (eds) Aspects of sponge biology. Academic Press, London, pp 99–112Google Scholar
  34. Topsent E (1896) Materiaux pour servir a l’etude de la faune des spongiaires de France 11:225–255Google Scholar
  35. Topsent E (1898) Eponges nouvelles des Agores. Mem Soc Zool-Fr (11):225–255Google Scholar
  36. Topsent E (1928) Spongiaires de l’Atlantique et de la Mediterranee provenant de croisieres du Prince Albert 1er de Monaco. Res Camp Sci Prince Monaco 74:1–376, pls I-XIGoogle Scholar
  37. Van Soest RWM, Stentoft N (1988) Barbados deep water sponges. Stud Fauna Curacao Other Caribb Isl 70:1–175, 12 plsGoogle Scholar
  38. Van Soest RWM, Zea S (1986) A new sublithistid sponge Monanthus ciocalyptoides n.sp. (Porifera, Halichondrida) from the West Indian region. Bull Zool Mus Univ Amst 10(4):201–205Google Scholar
  39. Vosmaer GCJ (1887) Porifera. In: Bronn HG (ed) Die Klassen und Ordnungen des Thierreichs 2:369–496, pls XXVI-XXXIVGoogle Scholar
  40. Wapstra M, van Soest RMW (1987) Sexual reproduction, larval morphology and behaviour in Demospongiae from the south west of the Netherlands. In: Vacelet J, Boury-Esnault N (eds) Taxonomy of Porifera from the NE Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. NATO ASI Ser 13:283–307Google Scholar
  41. Wilson HV (1925) Siliceous and horny sponges collected by the US Fisheries Steamer ‘Albatros’ during the Philippine Expedition 1907–10. Bull US Nat Mus 100(2,4):273–506, pls 37–52Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. C. Diaz
  • R. W. M. van Soest
  • S. A. Pomponi

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations