• Alfred Bollinger


Pathophysiology of critical limb ischaemia is characterized by three essential steps: microvascular wall damage progressing to stenosis or occlusion, collateral development and phenomena at the microvascular level induced by the proximal changes. Moreover, blood flow diversion (haemometakinesia) is also important.


Critical Limb Ischaemia Arterial Occlusive Disease Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease Microvascular Flow Critical Ischaemia 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfred Bollinger

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