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Experience of the European Region of the World Health Organization in Measurement of Disease Impact

With Special Reference to the International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps (ICIDH)
  • M. C. Thuriaux
  • D. Robinson
Part of the Health Systems Research book series (HEALTH)

Abstract

Like all major initiatives in the area of conceptualization, the International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps (ICIDH) was introduced “for trial purposes” in 1979 (World Health Organization 1980) to provide a basis for order in conceptualizing and planning activities in this field of concern. The basis for ICIDH is the set of concepts which describe a progression of consequences following a disease event:
  • Pathological change leads to impairment of structure or function initially at organ level.

  • Depending on the nature and severity of the impairment, this may lead to disability, defined as a modification or loss of the individual’s ability to carry out certain activities.

  • The disability may interact with the social and physical environment of an individual in such a way as to reduce the capacity to fulfil his/her expected role — thus creating for that individual a handicap.

Keywords

Member State European Region Health Information System Disable Person German Democratic Republic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© ECSE-EEC-EAEC, Brussels-Luxembourg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. C. Thuriaux
  • D. Robinson

There are no affiliations available

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