Patient Classification Systems: Overview of Experiments and Applications in Europe
Internationally, acute hospital services are one of the largest areas of health service expenditure. The dramatic increase in health expenditures which was such a striking feature of the 1970s resulted in greater attention being focused on hospital services, in particular, as considerable effort came to be devoted to gaining a better understanding of the operation of this service sector. At this stage, the estimation and analysis of the inputs required for the production of hospital services had been reasonably well established, primarily because staffing accounts for such a large proportion of hospital costs and all institutions have to keep an accurate file on staff employed if they are to be paid. The question, however, which became increasingly important for attempts to gain an understanding of this sector was: What is the return on the resources being devoted to the production and delivery of hospital services?
KeywordsHospital Service Diagnosis Related Group Prospective Payment System Hospital Activity Health Service Expenditure
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