Applied Anatomy of the Cerebral Arteries

  • Werner Hacke
  • Herman J. Gelmers
  • Michael Hennerici
  • Günter Krämer


Four arteries supply the brain with blood: the two carotid and the two vertebral arteries. Although these four vessels are ultimately interlinked via a basal arterial network, the circle of Willis, and anastomoses at the brain surface, Heubner’s anastomoses, it is useful to distinguish anterior (carotid anterior and middle cerebral) and posterior (vertebrobasilar posterior cerebral) vascular territories (Gillian 1957, 1968; Lazorthes 1961; Kaplan and Ford 1966; Gänshirt 1972; Seeger 1978; Dorndorf 1983; Duus 1983).


Cerebral Artery Vertebral Artery Anterior Cerebral Artery Posterior Cerebral Artery Ophthalmic Artery 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Werner Hacke
    • 1
  • Herman J. Gelmers
    • 2
  • Michael Hennerici
    • 3
  • Günter Krämer
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of HeidelbergHeidelbergFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyStreekziekenhuisAlmeloThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of Neurology Klinikum MannheimUniversity of HeidelbergMannheimFederal Republic of Germany
  4. 4.Department of NeurologyUniversity of MainzMainz 1Federal Republic of Germany

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