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Complications of Laparostomy in Diffuse Peritonitis

  • R. Rieger
  • H. W. Waclawiczek
  • S. MacArthur
  • O. Boeckl
Conference paper

Abstract

Severe, diffuse, bacterial peritonitis remains a central problem in abdominal surgery, as does acute necrotizing pancreatitis, despite all of the advances in intensive care medicine. These illnesses are invariably associated with a very high mortality, up to 70% [1,3]. In principle the surgical therapy of diffuse peritonitis involves the operative elimination of abdominal sepsis by cleansing the peritoneal cavity of faecal and bacteria-rich exudate, but in some cases primary sterilization of the peritoneal cavity (or pancreatic bed, as the case may be) is inachievable. In these cases planned relaparotomy or leaving the abdomen open, i.e. by laparostomy, becomes necessary [2,3]. While in the case of necrotizing pancreatitis, severity grades II to III, we have had excellent success with laparostomy, drastically reducing mortality from 70% to 18.6% (Waclawiczek et al., this volume), we have had relatively poor results with diffuse peritonitis due to the generally complicated postoperative course. In this paper we would like to report these complications.

Keywords

Peritoneal Lavage Necrotizing Pancreatitis Open Abdomen Perforated Appendicitis Acute Necrotizing Pancreatitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Beger HG (1989) Surgical management of necrotizing pancreatitis. Surg Clin North Am 69:529–549PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bradley SJ, Jurkovich GJ, Pearlman NW, Stiegmann GV (1985) Controlled open drainage of severe intraabdominal sepsis. Arch Surg 120:629–663PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Teichmann W, Wittmann DH, Andreone PA (1986) Scheduled reoperations (Etappenlavage) for diffuse peritonitis. Arch Surg 121:147–152PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Rieger
  • H. W. Waclawiczek
  • S. MacArthur
  • O. Boeckl

There are no affiliations available

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