Advertisement

Bedeutsame interpersonelle Ereignisse — Der Hauptansatz für therapeutischen Effekt in der Gruppenpsychotherapie

  • K. Roy MacKenzie

Zusammenfassung

Interpersonelles Lernen durch die Beziehungserfahrungen im Rahmen des gruppentherapeutischen Prozesses ist der Basisansatz der Gruppenpsychotherapie schlechthin (Rutan u. Stone 1984; Yalom 1985; Kaul u. Bednar 1986; Horowitz und Vitkus 1986). Man kann dies durchaus als analog zur Einzelpsychotherapie sehen, wo der korrigierenden emotionalen Erfahrung (Alexander et al. 1946) eine ähnlich zentrale Bedeutung für den therapeutischen Ansatz beigemessen wird. Die gruppentherapeutische Situation differiert insofern von der einzeltherapeutischen, als eine ganze Reihe von Beziehungsmöglichkeiten in der Gruppe gegeben ist.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Alexander JF et al. (1946/1980) Psychoanalytic therapy: Principles and application. Univ of Nebraska Press, Lincoln/NEGoogle Scholar
  2. Bauer GP, Kobos JC (1987) Brief therapy: Short-term psychodynamic intervention. Aronson, Northvale/NJGoogle Scholar
  3. Beck AT, Rush AJ, Shaw BF, Emery G (1984) Cognitive therapy of depression. Guilford, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Benjamin LS (1974) Structural analysis of social behavior. Psychol Rev 81: 392–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bloch S, Crouch E (1985) Therapeutic factors in group psychotherapy. Oxford Univ Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  6. Budman SH, Bennett MJ, Wisneski M (1981) An adult developmental model of short-term group psychotherapy. In: Budman SH (ed) Forms of brief therapy. Guilford, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Catina A, Tschuschke V, Winter D (1989) Self-reconstruing as a result of social interaction in analytic group therapy: Preliminary data with depressives. Group Anal 22: 59–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Crits-Christoph P (1987) How well does „accuracy of interpretation“ predict the patient’s benefits in psychotherapy? Presented at Society for Psychotherapy Research Conference, UlmGoogle Scholar
  9. Dies RR (1983) Clinical implications of research on leadership in short-term group psychotherapy. In: Dies RR, MacKenzie KR (eds) Advances in group psychotherapy: Integrating research and practice. Int Univ Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. Dies RR, Teleska PA (1985) Negative outcome in group psychotherapy. In: Mays DT, Franks CM (eds) Negative outcome in psychotherapy. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Eysenck HJ (1987) The definition of personality disorders and the criteria appropriate for their description. J Pers Dis 1: 211–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ezriel H (1950) A psychoanalytic approach to group treatment. Br J Med Psychol 23: 59–74PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. French TM (1954) The Integration of behavior. Univ of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  14. Horowitz MJ (1988) Introduction to psychodynamics: A new synthesis. Basic Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. Horowitz LM, Vitkus J (1986) The interpersonal basis of psychiatric symptoms. Clin Psychol Rev 6: 443–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jacobs A, Jacobs M, Cavior N, Burke J (1974) Anonymous feedback: Credibility and desirability of structured emotional and behavioral feedback delivered in groups. J Counsel Psychol 21: 106–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kaul TJ, Bednar RL (1986) Experiential group research: Results, questions and suggestions. In: Garfield SL, Bergin AE (eds) Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Kelly GA (1955) The psychology of personal constructs. Norton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Kiesler DJ (1983) The 1982 interpersonal circle: A taxonomy for complementarity in human transactions. Psychol Rev 90: 195–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Klerman GL, Weissman MM, Rounsaville BJ, Chevron ES (1984) Interpersonal psychotherapy of depression. Basic Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  21. Leary TF (1957) Interpersonal diagnosis of personality. Ronald, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  22. Lieberman MA, Yalom ID, Miles MB (1973) Encounter groups: First facts. Basic Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  23. Livesley WJ, MacKenzie KR (1983) Social roles in psychotherapy groups. In: Dies RR, MacKenzie KR (eds) Advances in group psychotherapy: Integrating research and practice. Int Univ Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  24. Lorr M, McNair DM (1963) An interpersonal behavior circle. J Abnorm Soc Psychol 67: 68–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Luborsky L (1984) Principles of psychoanalytic psychotherapy: A Manual for Supportive-Expressive Treatment. Basic Books, New York (1988 deutsch)Google Scholar
  26. Luft J (1966) Group processes: An introduction to group dynamics. National Press, Palo Alto/CAGoogle Scholar
  27. MacKenzie KR (1981) Measurement of group climate. Int J Group Psychother 31: 287–296PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. MacKenzie KR (1983) The clinical application of a group climate measure. In: Dies RR, MacKenzie KR (eds) Advances in group psychotherapy — Integrating research and practice. American Group Psychotherapy Association. Int Univ Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  29. MacKenzie KR (1987) Therapeutic factors in group psychotherapy: A contemporary view. Group 11: 26–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. MacKenzie KR (1988) Recent developments in brief psychotherapy. Hosp Commun Psychiatry 39: 742–752Google Scholar
  31. MacKenzie KR, Livesley WJ (1983) A developmental model for brief group therapy. In: Dies RR, MacKenzie KR (eds) Advances in group psychotherapy: Integrating research and practice. Int Univ Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  32. Malan DH (1979) Individual psychotherapy and the science of psychodynamic, 2nd edn. Butterworth, LondonGoogle Scholar
  33. Marziali EA (1984) Prediction of outcome of brief psychotherapy from therapist interpretative interventions. Arch Gen Psychiatry 41: 301–304PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Pawlow IP (1927) Conditioned reflexes. Oxford Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  35. Piper WE, Debbane EG, Bienvenu JP, DeCarufel FL, Garant J (1988) Relationships between the object focus of therapist interpretations and outcome in short-term, individual psychotherapy. Br J Med Psychol 59: 1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Piper WE, Debbane EG, Garant J, Bienvenu J (1979) Pretraining for group psychotherapy. Arch Gen Psychiatry 36: 1250–1256PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Plutchik R (1980) Emotion: A psychoevolutionary synthesis. Harper & Row, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  38. Rutan JS, Stone WN (1984) Psychodynamic group psychotherapy. Collamore Press, Lexington/MAGoogle Scholar
  39. Ryle A (1979) The focus in brief interpretive psychotherapy: Dilemmas, traps and snags as target problems. Br J Psychiatry 134: 46–54PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Schaefer ES (1965) A configurational analysis on children’s reports of parental behavior. J Consult Psychol 29: 552–557PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Whitaker DS, Lieberman MA (1964) Psychotherapy through the group process. Atherton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  42. Wiggins JS (1982) Circumplex models of interpersonal behavior in clinical psychology. In: Kendall PC, Butcher JN (eds) Handbook of research methods in clinical psychology. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  43. Wundt W (1903) Grundzüge der physiologischen Psychologie, 5. Aufl, Bd. 3. Engelmann, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  44. Yalom ID (1985) The theory and practice of group psychotherapy, 3rd edn. Basic Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Roy MacKenzie

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations