Annual Flux Budget of Dissolved Inorganic Nutrients through a Well-Mixed Estuary

  • Dan Baird
  • Deo Winter
Part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies book series (COASTAL, volume 36)

Abstract

The hypothesis that estuarine systems produce more material (e.g. inorganic nutrients, particulate carbon, dissolved organic carbon) that can be utilized or degraded within, and that excess material is being exported to the coastal marine environment where it may contribute to coastal ocean productivity has received considerable attention during the past few years. This “outwelling” hypothesis of Odum (1980) was examined for estuarine, saltmarsh and mangrove swamp systems by, for example, Vallela et al. (1978), Nixon (1980), Black et al. (1981), Boto and Bunt (1981), Daly and Mathieson (1981), Chrzanowski et al. (1982, 1983), Wolaver et al. (1983), Woodroffe (1985), Dame et al. (1986) and Baird et al. (1987).

Keywords

Phosphorus Peri Flushing Teal 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baird D, Winter PED, Wendt G (1987) The flux of particulate material through a well-mixed estuary. Continental Shelf Res 7:1399–1403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Black RE, Lukatelich RJ, McComb AJ, Rosher JE (1981) Exchange of water, salt, nutrients and phytoplankton between Peel Inlet, Western Australia, and the Indian Ocean. Aus J Mar Freshw Res 32: 709–720CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boto KG, Bunt JS (1981) Tidal export of particulate organic matter from a Northern Australian mangrove system. Estuar coast Shelf Sci 13: 247–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chrzanowski TH, Stevenson LH, Spurrier JD (1982) Transport of particulate organic carbon through the North Inlet ecosystem. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 7: 231–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chrzanowski TH, Stevenson LH, Spurrier JD (1983) Transport of dissolved organic carbon through a major creek of the North Inlet ecosystem. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 13: 167–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Daly MA, Mathieson AC (1981) Nutrient fluxes within a small north temperate salt marsh. Mar Biol 61: 337–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dame R, Chrzanowski T, Bildstein K, Kjerfve B, McKellar H, Nelson D, Spurrier J, Stancyk S, Stevenson H, Vernberg J, Zingmark R (1986) The outwelling hypothesis and North Inlet, South Carolina. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 33: 217–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Huizinga P (1985) A dynamic one-dimensional water quality model. CSIR Res Rep 562: 1–23Google Scholar
  9. Keizer PD, Gordon DC (1985) Nutrient dynamics in Cumberland Basin-Chignecto Bay, a turbid macrotidal estuary in the Bay of Fundy, Canada. Neth J Sea Res 19: 193–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mosterd SA (1983a) Photochemical procedure used in South Africa for the photometric determination of dissolved carbon in seawater. S Afr J mar Sci 1: 57–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mosterd SA (1983b) Procedures used in South Africa for the automatic photometric determination of micronutrients in seawater. S Afr J mar Sci 1: 189–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Nixon SW (1980) Between coastal marshes and coastal waters — a review of twenty years of speculation and research on the role of salt-marshes in estuarine productivity and water chemistry. In: Hamilton R, MacDonald KB (eds). Estuaries and Wetland Processes with Emphasis on Modelling. Plenum Publishing Company, New York, p. 437Google Scholar
  13. Valiela I, Teal JM, Volkman S, Shafer D, Carpenter EJ (1978) Nutrient and particulate fluxes in a saltmarsh ecosystem: tidal exchanges and inputs by precipitation and groundwater. Limnol Oceanogr 23: 798–812CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Wolaver TG, Zieman JC, Wetzel R, Webb KL (1983) Tidal exchange of nitrogen and phosphorus between a mesohaline vegetated marsh and the surrounding estuary in the Lower Chesapeake Bay. Estuar coast Shelf Sci 16: 321–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Woodroffe CD (1985) Studies of a mangrove basin, Tuff Crater, New Zealand: III. The flux of organic and inorganic particulate matter. Estuar coast Shelf Sci 20: 447–461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Woodwell GM, Whitney DE (1977) Flux pond ecosystem study: Exchange of phosphorous between a salt marsh and the coastal water of Long Island Sound. Mar Biol 41: 1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dan Baird
    • 1
  • Deo Winter
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of Port ElizabethPort ElizabethSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations