Kinetics of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Exchange

  • E. R. Swenson
Part of the Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology book series (COMPARATIVE, volume 6)


The aim of this chapter is to compare the kinetics of gas exchange among the vertebrates and examine whether the rates of diffusion and chemical reaction pose any limitation to O2 and CO2 exchange. These kinetics have been extensively studied in mammals, and the reader seeking an overview of the literature may find it in a number of recent reviews (Klocke 1987; Meldon 1987; Kreuzer and Hoofd 1987; Baumann et al. 1987; Wagner 1977; Forster 1987). Surprisingly there has been little attention paid to non-mammalian vertebrates, despite considerable interest otherwise in their blood-gas equilibrium chemistry and cardiorespiratory structure-function relationships.


Carbonic Anhydrase Carbonic Anhydrase Activity Unstirred Layer Carbon Dioxide Exchange Hemoglobin Solution 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. R. Swenson
    • 1
  1. 1.Pulmonary and Critical Care MedicineVA Medical Center, University of WashingtonUSA

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