Use of the Hamilton Depression Scale in General Practice

  • E. S. Paykel
Part of the Psychopharmacology Series book series (PSYCHOPHARM, volume 9)


The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) was originally derived on inpatients, and most of Max Hamilton’s own studies were conducted on such patients. Depressed inpatients are relatively severely ill, and more likely to show psychotic or endogenous symptom patterns (Paykel et al. 1970). There are dangers in assuming that rating scales will behave with adequate reliability and validity in samples different to those in which they were developed. Very many outpatient studies have since used the scale and it does appear to retain its useful characteristics in these somewhat less severely ill samples.


Hamilton Depression Rate Scale Hamilton Depression Scale General Practice Patient Hopkins Symptom Checklist Social Maladjustment 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. S. Paykel
    • 1
  1. 1.Addenbrooke’s HospitalUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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