Advertisement

An Introduction to the Search for the Quark—Gluon Plasma in Ultrarelativistic Heavy Ion Interactions

  • R. A. Salmeron
Conference paper
Part of the Research Reports in Physics book series (RESREPORTS)

Abstract

Some notions about particle production in hadron-nucleon and hadron-nucleus collisions are initially recalled, before examining the transition from hadronic matter to a quark-gluon plasma. The essential characteristics of the experiments whose results are discussed in these lectures are outlined. An analysis is made of the main results obtained in the experiments performed at Brookhaven at 14.5 GeV/nucleon and at CERN at 60 and 200 GeV/nucleon in the search for the quark-gluon plasma under the assumptions of different signatures : transverse momentum distribution, direct photon production, the suppression of the J/ψ production, Bose-Einstein interferometry, fluctuations in rapidity and intermittency, and production of strange particles. A conclusion from the experimental situation is drawn.

Keywords

Transverse Momentum Central Collision Hadronic Matter Strange Particle NA35 Collaboration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    C. ALCOCK, “The Astrophysics and Cosmology of Quark-Gluon Plasma”, lectures at this school, in these Proceedings.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    R. BROCKMANN, “Instrumentation in Ultra-Relativistic Heavy-Ion Experiments”, lectures at this school, in these Proceedings.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    J.C. PARIKH, “Physics of the Quark-Gluon Plasma”, lectures at this school, in these Proceedings.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    M.J. TANNENBAUM, “Hadron Production in Relativistic Heavy Ion Interactions and the Search for the Quark-Gluon Plasma”, lectures at this school, in these Proceedings.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    H. SATZ, H.J. SPECHT and R. STOCK, eds. “Quark Matter’87”, Proc. of the Sixth Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Nordkirchen, (F.R.G.), 24–28 August 1987, Z. Phys. C38 (1988) N°S 1/2.Google Scholar
  6. G. BAYM, P. BRAUN-MUNZINGER and S. NAGAMIYA,eds. “Quark Matter ‘88”, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, Nucl. Phys. A498 (1989)Google Scholar
  7. [6]
    P. CARRUTHERS and J. RAFELSKI, eds., Hadronic Matter in Collision 1988, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A. 6–12 October 1988 (World Scientific, Singapore 1989).Google Scholar
  8. [7]
    B. SINHA and S. RAHA, eds. Proc. of the Int. Conf. on Physics and Astrophysics of Quark-Gluon Plasma, Bombay, India, 8–12 February 1988 (World Scientific,Singapore).Google Scholar
  9. [8]
    J. TRAN THANH VAN, ed. Proc. of the XXIVth Rencontre de Moriond, Les Arcs, Savoie, France, 12–18 March 1989 (Editions Frontières).Google Scholar
  10. [9]
    M.J. TANNENBAUM, Int. J. Modern Physics A4(1989)3377.ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. [10]
    W.M. GEIST, Int. J. Modern Physics A4 (1989) 3717.ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. [11]
    H.J. SPECHT, Proc. of the Int. Europhysics Conf. on High Energy Physics, Madrid, Spain, 6–13 September 1989 (North Holland, Amsterdam, in printing).Google Scholar
  13. [12]
    H.R. SCHMIDT and H. GUTBROD, “Highly Relativistic Heavy-Ion Experiments at CERN”, lectures delivered at the Int. Advanced Course on the Nuclear Equation of State, Peniscola, Spain, May 21-June 3, 1989.Google Scholar
  14. [13]
    P. CAPILUPPI et al., Nucl. Phys. B79 (1974) 189.ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. [14]
    K. GUETTLER et al., Phys. Lett. B64 (1976) 111.ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. [15]
    T. BURNETT et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 50 (1983) 2062.ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. [16]
    T. MATSUI and H. SATZ, Phys. Lett. B178 (1986) 416.ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. [17]
    P. BRAUN-MUNZINGER et al., E814 Collaboration, Z. Phys. C38(1988) 45.ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. [18]
    T.J. HUMANIC et al., NA35 Collaboration, Z. Phys. C38(1988) 79, Proc. of the Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions. Quark Matter 1987- Nordkirchen, FRG, 24–28 August 1987, eds. H. Satz, H.J. Specht and R. Stock.Google Scholar
  20. [19]
    J. BENECKE, T.T. CHOU, C.N. YANG and E. YEN, Phys. Rev. 118 (1969) 2159.ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. [20]
    J.D. BJORKEN, Phys. Rev. D27 (1983) 140.ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. [21]
    S.Z. BELENSKI and L.D. LANDAU, Suppl. II Nuovo Cimento 3 (1956) 15.Google Scholar
  23. [22]
    L.E. ROBERTS, II Nuovo Cimento 102A (1989) 1519.ADSGoogle Scholar
  24. [23]
    B. ANDERSSON, G. GUSTAFSON and B. NILSSON-ALMSQUIST, Nucl. Phys. B281 (1987) 289.ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. [24]
    A. CAPELLA and J. TRAN THANH VAN, Phy. Lett. 93B (1980) 146;ADSGoogle Scholar
  26. A. CAPELLA and J. TRAN THANH VAN,Z. Phys. C10 (1981) 249;ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. A. CAPELLA and J. TRAN THANH VAN,Z. Phys. C38 (1988) 177.ADSGoogle Scholar
  28. [25]
    A. CAPELLA et al., Z. Phys. C33 (1987) 541;ADSGoogle Scholar
  29. A. CAPELLA et al., Phys. Rev. D35 (1987) 2921.ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. [26]
    A. BREAKSTONE et al., Phys. Lett. B132 (1983) 458.ADSGoogle Scholar
  31. [27]
    A.L.S. ANGELIS et al., Phys. Lett. B168 (1986) 158.ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. [28]
    B. NILSSON-ALMSQUIST and E. STENLUND, Computer Phys. Comm. 43(1987) 387.ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. [29]
    J.P. PANSART, Saclay report D.Ph.P.E. 86–06 (1986).Google Scholar
  34. [30]
    K. WERNER et al., Z. Phys. C37 (1987) 57.ADSGoogle Scholar
  35. [31]
    J. RANFT, Phys. Rev. D37(1988) 1842.ADSGoogle Scholar
  36. [32]
    A. SANDOVAL et al., NA35 Collaboration, Nucl. Physics A461 (1987) 465 c.ADSGoogle Scholar
  37. A. BAMBERGER et al., NA35 Collaboration, Phys. Lett. B184 (1987) 271.ADSGoogle Scholar
  38. [33]
    C.R. GRUHN et al., NA36 Collaboration, Hadronic Matter in Collision 1988, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A., October 6–12 1988, eds. P. Carruthers and J. Rafelski (World Scientifc, Singapore 1989) p. 656.Google Scholar
  39. J.M. NELSON et al., NA36 Collaboration, Nucl. Phys. A498 (1989) 515c, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, P. Braun-Munzinger and S. Nagamiya.ADSGoogle Scholar
  40. [34]
    S.J. LINDENBAUM, Hadronic Matter in Collision 1988, Tucson, Arizona, U.SA., October 6–12, 1988, eds. P. Carruthers and J. Rafelski (World Scientific, Singapore, 1989), p. 673.Google Scholar
  41. W.A. LOVE et al., E810 Collaboration, Nucl. Phys. A498 (1989) 523c, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, P. Braun- Munzinger and S. Nagamiya.ADSGoogle Scholar
  42. [35]
    Y. TAKAHASHI et al., EMU05 Collaboration, Nucl. Phys. A498 (1989) 529c, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, P. Braun- Munzinger and S. Nagamiya.ADSGoogle Scholar
  43. [36]
    L.M. BARBIER et al., KLM Collaboration, Nucl. Phys. A498(1989) 535c, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, P. Braun- Munzinger and S. Nagamiya.ADSGoogle Scholar
  44. [37]
    E. STENDLUND et al., EMU01 Collaboration, Nucl. Phys. A498 (1989) 541c, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, P. Braun- Munzinger and S. Nagamiya.ADSGoogle Scholar
  45. [38]
    P.L. JAIN, K. SENGUPTA and G. SINGH, EMU08 Collaboration, Nucl. Phys. A498 (1989) 547c, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus- Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, P. Braun-Munzinger and S. Nagamiya.ADSGoogle Scholar
  46. [39]
    H. GUTBROD et al., Preprint GSI-85–32, August 1985.Google Scholar
  47. R. ALBRECHT et al., Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A276 (1989) 131.ADSGoogle Scholar
  48. T.C. AWES et al., Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A279 (1989) 479.ADSGoogle Scholar
  49. [40]
    S.G. STEADMAN et al., E802 Collaboration, Hadronic Matter in Collision 1988, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A., October 6–12, 1988, eds. P. Carruthers and J. Rafelski (World Scientific, Singapore, 1989)p.607.Google Scholar
  50. [41]
    H. GORDON et al., NA34 Collaboration, Proposal CERN-SPSC 84–43.Google Scholar
  51. T. AKESSON et al., NA34 Collaboration, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A262 (1987) 243.ADSGoogle Scholar
  52. C. LEROY et al., Nucl. instr. and Meth. A252 (1986) 4.ADSGoogle Scholar
  53. G. LONDON et al., NA34 Collaboration, paper presented at the Int. Europhysics Conf. on High Energy Physics, Madrid, Spain 6–13 September 1989 (North Holland, Amsterdam, in the press).Google Scholar
  54. [42]
    F. NAVACH et al., WA85 Collaboration, Hadronic Matter in Collision 1988, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A., October 6–12, 1988, eds. P. Carruthers and J. Rafelski (World Scientific, Singapore, 1989) p. 617.Google Scholar
  55. [43]
    J.B. KINSON et al., WA85 Collaboration, Int. Europhysics Conf. on High Energy Physics, Madrid, Spain, 6–13 September 1989, ed. F. Barreiro (North Holland, Amsterdam, 1990) in the press.Google Scholar
  56. [44]
    A. BUSSIERE et al., NA38 Collaboration, Z. Phys. C38 (1988) 117, Proc. of the Sixth Int. Conf. on Ultra Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions - Quark Matter’87 Nordkirchen, FRG, 24–28 August 1987, eds. H. Satz, H.J. Specht and R. Stock.Google Scholar
  57. A. DEVAUX et al., NA38 Collaboration, Nucl. Phys. A498 (1989) 509c, Proc. of the Seventh int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, P. Braun-Munzinger and S. Nagamiya.ADSGoogle Scholar
  58. C. BAGLIN et al., NA38 Collaboration, to be submitted to Nucl. Instr. Methods.Google Scholar
  59. [45]
    T.H. BURNETT et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 57 (1986) 3249.ADSGoogle Scholar
  60. [46]
    L. VAN HOVE, Phys. Lett. B118 (1982) 138.ADSGoogle Scholar
  61. [47]
    E.V. SHURYAK and O. ZHIROV, Phys. Lett. B171 (1986) 99.ADSGoogle Scholar
  62. [48]
    R. SANTO et al., WA80 Collaboration, Nucl. Phys. A498 (1989) 391c, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, P. Braun- Munzinger and S. Nagamiya.ADSGoogle Scholar
  63. H.H. GUTBROD et al., WA80 Collaboration, Hadronic Matter in Collision 1988, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A., October 6–12, 1988, eds. P. Carruthers and J. Rafelski (World Scientific, Singapore, 1989) p. 342.Google Scholar
  64. R. ALBRECHT et al., WA80 Collaboration, Preprint GSI-87–82, December 1987.Google Scholar
  65. R. ALBRECHT et al., WA80 Collaboration, Preprint GSI-89–03, January 1989.Google Scholar
  66. [49]
    M.A. FAESSLER, Phys. Reports 115 (1984) 1.ADSGoogle Scholar
  67. [50]
    J.W. CRONIN et al., Phys. Rev. D11 (1975) 3105.ADSGoogle Scholar
  68. D. ANTREASYAN et al., Phys. Rev. D19 (1979) 764.ADSGoogle Scholar
  69. [51]
    T. AKESSON et al., HELIOS Collaboration: a) Preprint CERN-EP/89–111, August 1989; b) submitted to Z. Phys. C, in the press.Google Scholar
  70. [52]
    J.Y. GROSSIORD et al., NA38 Collaboration, Nucl. Physics A498 (1989) 249c, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, P. Braun- Munzinger and S. Nagamiya — and references therein.ADSGoogle Scholar
  71. [53]
    R.C. HWA and K. KAJANTIE, Phys. Rev. D32 (1985) 1109.ADSGoogle Scholar
  72. [54]
    S. RAHA and B. SINHA, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58 (1987) 101.ADSGoogle Scholar
  73. [55]
    T. AKESSON et al., HELIOS Collaboration: a) Preprint CERN-EP 89/113, September 1989; b) submitted to Z. Phys. C, in the press.Google Scholar
  74. [56]
    A. CHILINGAROV et al., Nucl. Phys. B151 (1979) 29.ADSGoogle Scholar
  75. R. SINGER et al., Phys. Lett. B60 (1976) 385.ADSGoogle Scholar
  76. C. KOURKOUMELIS et al., Phys. Lett. B84 (1979) 277.ADSGoogle Scholar
  77. M.G. ALBROW et al., Nucl. Phys. B155 (1979) 39.ADSGoogle Scholar
  78. M. DIAKONOU et al., Phys. Lett. B89 (1980) 432.ADSGoogle Scholar
  79. P. PEREZ et al., Phys. Lett. B112 (1982) 260.ADSGoogle Scholar
  80. [80]
    M. BASILE et al., Il Nuovo Cimento A65 (1981) 421.ADSGoogle Scholar
  81. T. AKESSON et al., Z. Phys. C18(1983) 5.ADSGoogle Scholar
  82. T. AKESSON et al., Phys. Lett. B178 (1986) 447.ADSGoogle Scholar
  83. 57.
    C. BAGLIN et al., NA38 Collaboration, Phys. Lett. B220(1989) 471 and references therein.ADSGoogle Scholar
  84. [58]
    C. RACCA et al., NA38 Collaboration, Hadronic Matter in Collision 1988, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A., October 6–12, 1988, eds. P. Carruthers and J. Rafelski (World Scientific, Singapore 1989), p. 552.Google Scholar
  85. [59]
    R.A. SALMERON, New Results in Hadronic Interactions, Proc. of the 24th Rencontre de Moriond, Les Arcs, Savoie, France, 12–18 March 1989, ed. J. Tran Thanh Van (Editions Frontières) p. 413.Google Scholar
  86. [60]
    Y. LEMOINE et al., Phys. Lett. B113 (1982) 509.ADSGoogle Scholar
  87. [61]
    C. KOURKOUMELIS et al., Phys. Lett. B81 (1979) 405.ADSGoogle Scholar
  88. [62]
    F. KARSCH, M.T. MEHR and H. SATZ, Z. Phys. C37(1988) 617.ADSGoogle Scholar
  89. [63]
    F. KARSCH and R. PETRONZIO, Z. Phys. C37 (1988) 627.ADSGoogle Scholar
  90. [64]
    M.C. CHU and T. MATSUI, Phys. Rev. D37 (1988) 1851.ADSGoogle Scholar
  91. [65]
    J.P. BLAIZOT and J.Y. OLLITRAULT, Phys. Lett. B199 (1987) 499.ADSGoogle Scholar
  92. [66]
    F. KARSCH and R. PETRONZIO, Phys. Lett. B193 (1987) 105.ADSGoogle Scholar
  93. [67]
    R. ANDERSON et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 38 (1977) 263.ADSGoogle Scholar
  94. [68]
    U. CAMERINI et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 35 (1975) 483.ADSGoogle Scholar
  95. B.KNAPP et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 34 (1975) 1040.ADSGoogle Scholar
  96. J. BRANSON et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 38 (1977) 1334.ADSGoogle Scholar
  97. M.D. SOKOLOFF et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 57 (1986) 3003.ADSGoogle Scholar
  98. [69]
    H. STROBELE et al., NA35 Collaboration, Z. Phys. C38 (1988) 89.Google Scholar
  99. [70]
    P. BORDALO et al., Phys. Lett. B193 (1987) 373.ADSGoogle Scholar
  100. [71]
    J. BADIER et al., Z. Phys. C20 (1983) 101.ADSGoogle Scholar
  101. [72]
    G.T. BODWIN, S.J. BRODSKY and G.P. LEPAGE, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47 (1981) 1799.ADSGoogle Scholar
  102. C.MICHEL and G. WILK, Z. Phys. C10 (1981) 169.ADSGoogle Scholar
  103. [73]
    J. FTACNIK, P. LICHARD and J. PISUT, Phys. Lett. B207 (1988) 194.ADSGoogle Scholar
  104. [74]
    J. FTACNIK, P. LICHARD, N. PISUTOVA and J. PISUT, Z. Phys. C42 (1989) 139.Google Scholar
  105. [75]
    S. GAVIN, M. GYULASSY and A. JACKSON, Phys. Lett. B207 (1988) 257.ADSGoogle Scholar
  106. [76]
    S. GAVIN, M. GYULASSY, Phys. Lett. B214 (1988) 241.ADSGoogle Scholar
  107. [77]
    R. VOGT, M. PRAKASH, P. KOCH and T.H. HANSSON, Phys. Lett. B207 (1988) 263.ADSGoogle Scholar
  108. [78]
    J.P. BLAIZOT and J.Y. OLLITRAULT, Phys. Rev. D39 (1989) 232.ADSGoogle Scholar
  109. [79]
    J.P. BLAIZOT and J.Y. OLLITRAULT, Phys. Lett. B217 (1989) 392.ADSGoogle Scholar
  110. [80]F. CLOSE, lectures at this school, in these Proceedings.Google Scholar
  111. [81]
    G. GOLDHABER, W.B. FOWLER, S. GOLDHABER, T.F. HOANG, T.E. KALOGEROPOULOS and W. POWELL, Phys. Rev. Lett. 3(1959) 181.ADSGoogle Scholar
  112. [82]
    G. GOLDHABER, S. GOLDHABER, W. LEE and A. PAIS, Phys. Rev. 120 (1960) 300.MathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  113. [83]
    G. GOLDHABER, Proc. of the First Int. Workshop on Local Equilibrium in Strong Interaction Physics, eds. D.K. Scott and R.M. Weiner (World Scientific, Singapore, 1985) p. 115.Google Scholar
  114. G. GOLDHABER, Proc. of the Int. Conf. on High Energy Physics, Lisbon, Portugal, 9–15 July 1981, ed. J. Dias de Deus and J. Soffer, p. 767.Google Scholar
  115. [84]
    B. LORSTAD, Int. J. Mod. Phys. A4 (1989) 2861.ADSGoogle Scholar
  116. [85]
    G. COCCONI, Phys. Lett. B49 (1974) 459.ADSGoogle Scholar
  117. [86]
    R. HANBURY-BROWN and R.Q. TWISS, Phil. Mag. 45(1954) 663;Google Scholar
  118. R. HANBURY-BROWN and R.Q. TWISS, Nature 178 (1956) 1046.ADSGoogle Scholar
  119. [87]
    R.P. FEYNMAN, Lectures in Physics (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1965), Volume 3, chapters 3 and 4.Google Scholar
  120. [88]
    K. KOLEHMAINEN and M. GYULASSY, Phys. Lett. B180 (1986) 203.ADSGoogle Scholar
  121. [89]
    G. KOPYLOV and M. PODGORETSKI, Sov. J. Nucl. Phys. 18 (1974) 336Google Scholar
  122. G. KOPYLOV and M. PODGORETSKI, Sov. J. Nucl. Phys. 19(1974) 215.Google Scholar
  123. G. KOPYLOV, Phys. Lett. B50 (1974) 472.ADSGoogle Scholar
  124. [90]
    H. GUTBROD et al., WA80 Collaboration, Hadronic Matter in Collision 1988, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A., October 6–12, 1988, eds. P. Carruthers and J. Rafelski, (World Scientifc, 1989) p. 342.Google Scholar
  125. [91]
    T. PEITZMANN et al., WA80 Collaboration, Preprint GSI-89–05, January 1989;Google Scholar
  126. T. PEITZMANN et al., WA80 Collaboration, Nucl. Phys. A498 (1989) 397c, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra- Relativisytic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, P. Braun-Munzinger and S. Nagamiya.ADSGoogle Scholar
  127. [92]
    T.J. HUMANIC, NA35 Collaboration, Z. Phys. C38 (1988) 79, Proc. of the Sixth Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions — Quark Matter 1987- Nordkirchen, F.R.G., 24–28 August 1987, eds. H. Satz, H.J. Specht and R. Stock.Google Scholar
  128. [93]
    J.W. HARRIS NA35 Collaboration, Nucl. Phys. A498 (1989) 133c, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, P. Braun- Munzinger and S. Nagamiya.ADSGoogle Scholar
  129. [94]
    A. BAMBERGER et al., NA35 Collaboration, Phys. Lett. B203 (1988) 320.ADSGoogle Scholar
  130. [95]
    A. BIALAS and E. PESCHANSKI, Nucl. Phys. B273 (1986) 703;ADSGoogle Scholar
  131. A. BIALAS and E. PESCHANSKI, Nucl. B308(1988) 857;ADSGoogle Scholar
  132. A. BIALAS and E. PESCHANSKI, Phys. Lett. B207 (1988) 59.ADSGoogle Scholar
  133. [96]
    A. BIALAS, K. FIALKOWSK1 and R. PESCHANSKI, Europhys. Lett. 7 (1988) 125.ADSGoogle Scholar
  134. [97]
    R. PESCHANSKI, New Results in Hadronic Interactions, Proc. of the 24th Rencontre de Moriond, Les Arcs, Savoie, France, March 12–18, 1989, ed. J. Tran Thanh Van (Editions Frontières) p. 247, and references therein.Google Scholar
  135. [98]
    G.J. ALNER et al., UA5 Collaboration, Phys. Rep. 154 (1987) 247.ADSGoogle Scholar
  136. [99]
    M. ADAMUS et al., NA22 Collaboration, Phys. Lett. B185(1987) 200.ADSGoogle Scholar
  137. I.V. AJINENKO et al., NA22 Collaboration, Phys. Lett. B222 (1989) 306.ADSGoogle Scholar
  138. [100]
    W. BRAUNSCHWEIG et al., TASSO Collaboration, Phys. Lett. B231 (1989) 548.ADSGoogle Scholar
  139. [101]
    I. DERADO, G. JANCSO, N. SCHMITZ and P. STOPA, Preprint Max Planck Institut, 1989, München, F.R.G.Google Scholar
  140. [102]
    R. HOLYNSKI et al., KLM Collaboration, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62 (1989) 733.ADSGoogle Scholar
  141. [103]
    M.I. ADAMOVICH et al., EMU01 Collaboration, Phys. Lett. B201 (1988) 397.ADSGoogle Scholar
  142. [104]
    E. STENLUND, EMU01 Collaboration, Nucl. Phys. A498 (1989) 541c, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, P. Braun-Munzinger and S. Nagamiya.ADSGoogle Scholar
  143. [105]
    R. ALBRECHT et al., WA80 Collaboration, Phys. Lett. B221 (1989). 427.ADSGoogle Scholar
  144. C.R. YOUNG et al., WA80 Collaboration, Nucl. Phys. A498 (1989) 53c, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nuclus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, P. Braun- Munzinger and S. Nagamiya.ADSGoogle Scholar
  145. [106]
    For a review see: P. KOCH, B. MÜLLER and J. RAFELSKI, Strangeness in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions, Phys. Rep. 142 (1986) 167.ADSGoogle Scholar
  146. [107]
    For a recent review on specific topics see: J. RAFELSKI, Hadronic Matter in Collision 1988, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A., October 6–12, 1988, eds. P. Carruthers and J. Rafelski (World Scientific, Singapore, 1989) p. 776.Google Scholar
  147. [108]
    See for example C. FABJAN, Current Issues in Hadron Physics, Proceeding of the 23rd Rencontre de Moriond, Les Arcs, Savoie, France, March 13–19, 1988, ed. J. Tran Thanh Van (Editions Frontières) p. 617.Google Scholar
  148. [109]
    M. JACOB and J. RAFELSKI, Phys. Lett. B190 (1987) 173.ADSGoogle Scholar
  149. [110]
    J. RAFELSKI and M. DANOS, Phys. Lett. B192 (1987) 432.ADSGoogle Scholar
  150. [111]
    C.R. GRUHN et al., NA36 Collaboration, Hadronic Matter in Collision 1988, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A., October 6–12, 1988, eds. P. Carruthers and J. Rafelski (World Scientific, 1989) p. 656;Google Scholar
  151. D.E.GREINER et al., NA36 Collaboration, ib. p. 665.Google Scholar
  152. [112]
    G. ODYNIEC, Hadronic Matter in Collision 1988, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A., October 6–12, 1988, eds. P. Carruthers and.J. Rafelski (World Scientific, Singapore 1989) p. 721.Google Scholar
  153. [113]
    P. VINCENT et al., E802 Collaboration, Nucl. Physics A498 (1989) 67, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, P. Braun-Munzinger and S. Nagamiya.Google Scholar
  154. [114]
    S.G. STEADMAN et al., E802 Collaboration, Hadronic Matter in Collision 1988, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A., October 6–12, 1988, eds. P. Carruthers and J. Rafelski (World Scientific, 1989) p. 607.Google Scholar
  155. [115]
    G. LONDON et al., NA34 Collaboration, Proceedings of the Int. Europhysics Conf. on High Energy Physics, Madrid, Spain, September 6–13, 1989 (North Holland, Amsterdam, in the press).Google Scholar
  156. [116]
    P. SONDEREGGER et al., NA38 Collaboration, Z. Physik C38 (1988) 129, Proc. of the Sixth Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions -Quark Matter’87- Nordkirchen, FRG, 24–28 August 1987, eds. H. Satz, H.J. Specht and R. Stock.Google Scholar
  157. [117]
    J.Y. GROSSIORD et al., NA38 Collaboration, Nucl. Physics A498 (1989) 249c, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, R. Braun- Munzinger and S. Nagamiya.ADSGoogle Scholar
  158. [118]
    J.W. HARRIS et al., NA35 Collaboration, Nucl. Phys. A498 (1989), 133c, Proc. of the Seventh Int. Conf. on Ultra-Relativistic Nuclus-Nucleus Collisions, Lenox, Massachusetts, U.S.A., September 26–30, 1988, eds. G. Baym, P. Braun- Munzinger and S. Nagamiya.ADSGoogle Scholar
  159. [119]
    I. DERADO, Hadronic Matter in Collision 1988, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A, October 6–12, 1988, eds. P. Carruthers and J. Rafelski (World Scientific, Singapore, 1989) p. 636.Google Scholar
  160. [120]
    A. BAMBERGER et al., NA35 Collaboration, Z. Phys. C43 (1989) 25.ADSGoogle Scholar
  161. [121]
    M. GAZDZICKI et al., NA35 Collaboration, Hadronic Matter in Collision 1988, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A., October 6–12, 1988, eds. P. Carruthers and J. Rafelski (World Scientific Singapore, 1989) p. 647.Google Scholar
  162. [122]
    E. QUERCIGH et al., WA85 Collaboration, Hadronic Matter in Collision 1988, Tucson, Arizona, U.S.A., October 6–12, 1988, eds. P. Carruthers and J. Rafelski (World Scientific, Singapore, 1989) p. 625.Google Scholar
  163. [123]
    S.J. BRODSKY and A.H. MUELLER, Phys. Lett. B206 (1988) 685ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Salmeron
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire des Hautes EnergiesEcole Polytechnique/IN2P3-CNRSPalaiseauFrance

Personalised recommendations