Population Ecology

  • Reiner Cornelius
  • Andreas Faensen-Thiebes
Part of the Progress in Botany/Fortschritte der Botanik book series (BOTANY, volume 51)


According to Harper (1977), “the biology of population is the study of numbers of organisms”. Based on this definition this review will be focusing on demography. The aim of demographic studies is to describe the growth or decline of populations in quantitative terms and to explain the causes of population changes. Along with determining the rates of birth, death and migration, a precise knowledge of the contribution that particular life stages make to the overall population growth is a prerequisite for this aim. Hence, ecological studies which are concerned with population behaviour during different life stages constitute, besides demographic surveys, the core of this review. The dividing line between autecology and population ecology is expressed in the choice of the reference. Consequently, in this review only those essays were included in which countable units such as ramets, flowers or seeds are the main units of reference.


Seed Bank Population Ecology Persistent Seed Bank Population Behaviour Potentilla Anserina 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ågren J (1988) Ecology 69:962–973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Andersen AN (1988) Oecologia 75:507–511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Antlfinger AE (1989) Am J Bot 76:222–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Auge H, Mahn E-G (1988) Flora 180:429–443.Google Scholar
  5. Austin MP, Fresco LFM, Nichols AO, Groves RH, Kaye PE (1988) Ecol 76:157–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Baskin CC, Baskin J (1988) Am J Bot 75:286–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Belsky AJ (1987) Am Nat 129:777–783.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Benner BL, Bazzaz FA (1988) J Ecol 76:19–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bigwood DW, Inouye DW (1988) Ecology 69: 497–507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Blom CWPM (1988) Acta Bot Neerl 37:421–438.Google Scholar
  11. Bonan GB (1988) Ecology 69: 1721–1730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Brown JR, Archer S (1987) Vegetatio 73:73–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Brown VK, Gange AC, Evans IM, Storr AL (1987) J Ecol 75:1173–1189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Brux H, Todeskino D, Wiegleb G (1987) Arch Hydrobiol Beih 27:115–127.Google Scholar
  15. Caswell H (1986) Lectures on mathematics in the life sciences 18:171–233.Google Scholar
  16. Cobo M, Andreu AC (1988) Oikos 51:267–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Coffin DP, Lauenroth WK (1988) Ecology 69:1609–1617.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Connolly J (1987) Oecologia 72:95–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Cornelius R (1987) Verh Ges Ökol 16:191–196.Google Scholar
  20. Cornelius R (1989) Oecol Plant 10:371–387.Google Scholar
  21. Cornelius R, Faensen-Thiebes A (in press) Oecol Plant.Google Scholar
  22. Crawley MJ, May RM (1987) J Theor Biol 125:475–489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. De Jong TJ, Klinkhamer PGL (1988a) J Ecol 76:366–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. De Jong TJ, Klinkhamer PGL (1988b) J Ecol 76:393–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. De Jong TJ, Klinkhamer PGL, Nell HW, Troelstra SR (1987) Oikos 48:62–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Jonsdottir IS, Callaghan TV (1988) Oikos 52:120–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Devlin B (1988) Ecology 69: 1716–1720.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Diemer MW, Pfadenhauer J (1987) Oikos 50:183–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Douglas DA (1989) J Ecol 77:112–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ellison AM (1987a) Am J Bot 74:1280–1288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ellison AM (1987b) Ecology 68:567–586.Google Scholar
  32. Ellison AM (1989) Oikos 54:287–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Eriksson OJ (1988a) Ecology 76:522–536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Eriksson O (1988b) Ecology 69:736–740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ernst WHO, von der Ham NF (1988) Acta Bot Neerl 37:451–465.Google Scholar
  36. Escarré J, Houssard C (1989) Oecol Plant 10:3–19.Google Scholar
  37. Fenner M (1987) New Phytol 106:Suppl 35–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Firbank LG, Watkinson AR (1987) Oecologia 71:308–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Fischer A (1987) Dissertationes Botanicae 110, 234 p.Google Scholar
  40. Franco M, Harper JL (1988) J Ecol 76:959–974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Garbutt K, Bazzaz FA (1987) Oecologia 72:291–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Geritz SAH, Metz JAJ, Klinkhamer PGL, de Jong TJ (1988) Theor Pop Biol 33:161–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Goldberg DE (1987) Ecology 68:1211–1223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Goldberg DE, Fleetwood L (1987) J Ecol 75:1131–1143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Gouyon PH, King EB, Bonnet JM, Valdeyron G, Vernet P (1987) Oecologia 72:92–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Govindaraju DR (1988) Oikos 52:31–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Govindaraju DR (1989) Oecol Plant 10:159–165.Google Scholar
  48. Graham DJ, Hutchings MJ (1988a) J Appl Ecol 25:241–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Graham DJ, Hutchings MJ (1988b) J Appl Ecol 25:253–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Granström A (1987) J Ecol 75:321–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Granström A (1988) J Appl Ecol 25:297–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Gray AJ (1988) Oecol Plant 9:31–41.Google Scholar
  53. Grime JP, Hodgson JG, HuntR (1988) Comparative plant ecology. A functional approach to common British species. Oxford University Press, London, 742 p.Google Scholar
  54. Gröger T, Mahn E-G (1988) Flora 181:71–81.Google Scholar
  55. Haig D, Westoby M (1988) Am Nat 131:757–759.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Hanzawa FM, Beattie AJ, Culver DC (1988) Am Nat 131:1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Harper JL (1977) Population biology of plants. Academic Press, London, 892 p.Google Scholar
  58. Henderson CB, Peterson KE, Redak RA (1988) J Ecol 76:717–728.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Hobbs VJ, Pritchard NM (1987) J Ecol 75:177–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Hoppes WG (1988) Ecology 69:320–329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Houle G, Phillips DL (1988) Oikos 52:87–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Huenneke LF, Marks PL (1987) Ecology 68:1234–1242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Hughes JW, Fakey TJ, Bormann FH (1988) Am J Bot 75:1057–1064.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Hutchings MJ (1987) J Ecol 75: 719–727.Google Scholar
  65. Inghe O, Tamm CO (1988) Oikos 51:203–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Jacquard P, Urbanska K (1988) Oecol Plant 9: 3–10.Google Scholar
  67. Jerling L (1988a) Vegetatio 74:171–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Jerling L (1988b) Vegetatio 74:161–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Johnstone IM (1986) Biol Rev 61:369–394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Kay QON (1987) New Phytol 106:Suppl 265-281.Google Scholar
  71. Keddy PA, Shipley B (1989) Oikos 54: 234–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Kenkel NC (1988) Ecology 69:1017–1024.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Klinkhamer PGL, de Jong TJ (1987) New Phytol 106:773–783.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Klinkhamer PGL, de Jong TJ (1988) J Ecol 76:383–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Klinkhamer PGL, de Jong TJ, Metz JAJ, Vål J (1987a) Theor Pop Biol 32:127–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Klinkhamer PGL, de Jong TJ, Meelis E (1987b) Oikos 49:303–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Klinkhamer PGL, de Jong TJ, Meelis E (1987c) Oikos 49:309–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Klinkhamer PGL de Jong TJ van der Meijden 1988 J Ecol 76:403–414.Google Scholar
  79. Köck U-V (1988) Flora 180:177–190.Google Scholar
  80. De Kroon H, Plaisier A, van Groenendael J (1987) Oikos 50:3–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Lack AJ, Kay QON (1987) J Ecol 75:259–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Lau RR, Young DR (1988) Ecology 69: 215–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Law R, Watkinson AR (1987) J Ecol 75:871–886.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Levin DA (1988) Am Nat 132: 643–651.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Loehle C (1987) Oikos 49:199–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Lonsdale WM (1988) Oikos 52:361–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Lonsdale WM, Harley KLS, Gillet JD (1988) J Appl Ecol 25:963–967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Lotz LAP, Spoormakers LDH (1988) Oecol Plant 9:11–18.Google Scholar
  89. Lovett Doust L (1987) J Ecol 75:555–568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Lovett Doust J, Lovett Doust L (1988) Ecology 69:741–750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Lovett Doust L, Lovett Doust J (1987) Ecology 68: 2056–2058.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Lumaret R (1988) Oecol Plant 9:83–93.Google Scholar
  93. Lush WM (1988) J Appl Ecol 25: 977–988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Maas D (1988) Nat Landsch 63:411–415.Google Scholar
  95. Maddox GD, Cook RE, Wimberger PH, Gardescu S (1989) Am J Bot 76:318–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Mahn E-G, Klemm M, Reinsch B, Schmidt W (1987) Arch Phytopathol Pflanzenschutz 23:241–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Marańó;n T, Bartolome JW (1989) Oecol Plant 10: 147–158.Google Scholar
  98. Matlack GR (1987) J Ecol 75:113–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. McAulife JG (1988) Am Nat 131:459–490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. McCanny SJ, Cavers PB (1987) Oikos 49:67–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. McEvoy PB, Cox CS (1987) Ecology 68: 2006–2015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. McGraw JB (1989) Am J Bot 76:113–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Milchunas DG, Sala OE, Lauenroth WK (1988) Am Nat 132:87–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Miller TE (1987) Oecologia 72:272–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Miller TE, Werner PA (1987) Ecology 68:1201–1210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Moen J (1989) Oikos 54:260–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Moloney KA (1988) Ecology 69:1588–1598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Myster RW, Picket STA (1988) Vegetatio 78:53–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Norberg R (1988) Am Nat 131:220–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Noy-Meir J, van der Maarel E (1987) Vegetatio 69: 5–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Ohlson M (1988) J Ecol 76:1007–1016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Pacala SW (1987) Theor Pop Biol 31:359–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Pacala SW, Silander SA (1987) Oikos 48: 217–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Peart DR (1989a) J Ecol 77:236–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Peart DR (1989b) J Ecol 77:252–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Peart DR (1989c) J Ecol 77:267–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Pegtel DM (1988) Acta Bot Neerl 37:215–223.Google Scholar
  118. Pfadenhauer J, Maas D (1987) Flora 179:85–97.Google Scholar
  119. Picket STA, Collins SL, Armesto JJ (1987) Vegetatio 69: 109–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Platt WJ, Evans GW, Rathbun SL (1988) Am Nat 131:491–525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Pons TL (1989) Oecol Plant 10:35–43.Google Scholar
  122. Rai JPN, Tripathi RS (1987) Oecol Plant 8:155–165.Google Scholar
  123. Reekie EG, Bazzaz FA (1987) Am Nat 129:876–919.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Rice KJ (1987) Oecologia 72:589–596.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Rorison et al. (eds) Frontiers of comparative plant ecology. Academic Press, New York London.Google Scholar
  126. Sackville Hamilton NR, Schmid B, Harper JC (1987) Proc Soc Lond B232:35–57.Google Scholar
  127. Schmid B, Bazzaz FA (1987) Ecology 68:2016–2022.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Schmid B, Putlick GM, Burgess KH, Bazzaz FA (1988a) Oecologia 75:459 64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Schmid B, Putlick GM, Burgess KH, Bazzaz FA (1986b) Oecologia 75:465–471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Sivertown JW (1987) Introduction to plant population ecology. Longman, London, 222 p.Google Scholar
  131. Slade AJ, Hutchings HJ (1987a) J Ecol 75:95–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Slade AJ, Hutchings MJ (1987b) J Ecol 75:639–650.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Slade AJ, Hutchings MJ (1987c) J Ecol 75:1023–1036.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Slade AJ, Hutchings MJ (1987d) Oecologia 73:425–431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Solangaarachchi SM, Harper JL (1989) Oecologia 78:208–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Solbrig OT, Curtis WF, Kincaid DT, Newell SJ (1988a) J Ecol 76:301–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Solbrig OT, Sarandon R, Bossen W (1988b) Am Nat 131:385–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Sutherland WJ, Stillman RA (1988) Oikos 52:239–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Svensson BM, Callaghan TV (1988) Oikos 51: 331–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Symonides E (1988) Vegetatio 77:21–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Thompson K (1987) New Phytol 106:Suppl 23–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Tilman D (1987) Am Nat 129:769–774.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Tilman D (1988) Plant strategies and the dynamics and structure of plant communities. Princeton University Press, Princeton.Google Scholar
  144. Tuomi J, Vuorisalo T (1989) Oikos 54:227–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Ungar JA (1987) Ecology 68:569–575.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Van Andell J, Wesselingh RA, van Donk HJ (1988) Acta Bot Neerl 37:165–169.Google Scholar
  147. Van der Meijden E, Wijn M, Verkaar HJ (1988) Oikos 51:355–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Van der Sman AJM, van Tongeren OFR, Blom CWPM (1988) Acta Bot Neerl 37:439–450.Google Scholar
  149. Van Groenendael JM, Slim P (1988) J Ecol 76:585–599.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Van Tooren BF (1988) Oikos 53:41–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Venable DL, Brown JS (1988) Am Nat 131:360–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Venable DL, Burquez A, Corral G, Morales E, Espinosa F (1988) Ecology 68: 65–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Verkaar HJ (1987) New Phytol 106:Suppl 49–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Watkinson AR (1988) Oecol Plant 9:67–81.Google Scholar
  155. Watkinson AR, Lonsdale WM, Andrew MH (1989) J Ecol 77:162–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Watt TA, Gibson CWD (1988) Vegetatio 78:91–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Weller DE (1987) Ecol Monogr 57:23–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Welling CH, Pederson RL, van der Valk AG (1988) J Appl Ecol 25:999–1007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Willson MF, Thomas PA, Hoppes WG, Katusic-Malmborg PL, Goldmann DA, Bothwell JL (1987) Am Nat 129:304–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Wilson JBV (1988a) Oikos 51:19–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Wilson JB (1988b) J Appl Ecol 25:279–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Winn AA (1988) Ecology 69:1537–1544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Winn AA, Werner PA (1987) Ecology 68:1224–1233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Wood DM, del Moral R (1987) Ecology 68:780–790.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reiner Cornelius
    • 1
  • Andreas Faensen-Thiebes
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Ökologie—BotanikBerlin 41Germany

Personalised recommendations