Advertisement

Perceptual Performance in Peripherally Reduced Olfactory Systems

  • R. Hudson
  • H. Distel
  • H. P. Zippel
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 39)

Abstract

The relationship between structure and function is one of the enduring themes of biology, and one which has greatly influenced efforts to understand the neural basis of odour perception. In attempting to answer such basic questions as how odour signals are transmitted and coded, neurobiologists have repeatedly turned to the anatomical organization of the peripheral olfactory system for clues. Cajal was among the first to be impressed by the clear structural organization of the olfactory bulb, an impression of order which was later enhanced by reports that the receptor cells within the nasal cavity project to the bulb in a broadly topological fashion, and that groups of receptor axons then appear to converge onto discrete glomerular units (Kauer, 1987). Not surprisingly, this attractive picture of anatomical orderliness has come to dominate the way we think about olfactory function, and most attempts to explain how odour stimuli are perceived now make reference to some form of primary spatial coding (Shepherd, 1985).

Keywords

Olfactory Bulb Olfactory System Olfactory Function Olfactory Nerve Amyl Acetate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alberts JR (1974) Producing and interpreting experimental olfactory deficits. Physiol Behav 12: 657–670PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amemori T, Valuskova V, Zigova T, Galik J, Racekova E, Bures J (1988) Functional recovery after olfactory bulbectomy in rats: Effect of embryonal brain grafts. Physiol Bohemoslovaca 37: 385–394Google Scholar
  3. Distel H, Hudson R (1984) Nipple-search performance by rabbit pups: Changes with age and time of day. Anim Behav 32: 501–507CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Distel H, Stahl B, Hudson R (in prep) Reinnervation of the olfactory bulb following transection of the olfactory nerves in newborn rabbits.Google Scholar
  5. Hudson R (1985) Do newborn rabbits learn the odor stimuli releasing nipple-search behavior? Dev Psychobiol 18: 575–585PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hudson R, Distel H (1986) Olfactory guidance of nipple-search behaviour in newborn rabbits. In: Breipohl W (ed) Ontogeny of Olfaction. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 243–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hudson R, Distel H (1987) Regional autonomy in the peripheral processing of odor signals in newborn rabbits. Brain Res 421: 85–94PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hudson R, Distel H (in prep) Recovery of behavioral function following transection of the olfactory nerves in newborn rabbits.Google Scholar
  9. Kauer JS (1987) Coding in the olfactory system. In: Finger TF, Silver WL (eds) Neurobiology of Taste and Smell. Wiley & Sons, New York, pp 205–231Google Scholar
  10. Oley N, DeHan RS, Tucker D, Smith JC, Graziadei PPC (1975) Recovery of structure and function following transection of the primary olfactory nerves in pigeons. J Comp Physiol Psychol 88: 477–495PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Risser JM, Slotnick BM (1987) Nipple attachment and survival in neonatal olfactory bulbectomized rats. Physiol Behav 40: 545–549PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Shepherd GM (1985) The olfactory system: The uses of neural space for a non-spatial modality. In: Correia MJ, Derachio, AA (eds) Contemporary Sensory Neurobiology. Alan Riss Inc, New York, pp 99–114Google Scholar
  13. Slotnick BM, Graham S, Laing DG, Bell GA (1987) Detection of proprionic acid vapor by rats with lesions of olfactory bulb areas associated with high 2-DG uptake. Brain Res 417: 343–346PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Stewart WB, Kauer JS, Shepherd GM (1979) Functional organisation of the rat olfactory bulb analysed by the 2-deoxyglucose method. J Comp Neurol 185:715–734.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Wright JW, Harding JW (1982) Recovery of olfactory function after bilateral bulbectomy. Science 216: 322–323PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Zippel HP, Baumgarten Rv, Westerman RA (1970) Histologische, funktionelle und spezifische Regeneration nach Durchtrennung der Fila olfactoria beim Goldfisch (Carassius auratus). Z vgl Physiol 69: 79–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Zippel HP, Breipohl W, Schoon H (1981) Functional and morphological changes in fish chemoreception systems following ablation of the olfactory bulbs. In: Flohr H, Precht W (eds) Lesion-Induced Neuronal Plasticity in sensory motor systems. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 377–394Google Scholar
  18. Zippel HP, Meyer DL, Knaust M (1988) Peripheral and central post-lesion plasticiV in the olfactory system of the goldfish: Behavior and morphology. In: Flohr H (ed) Post-Lesion Neural Plasticity. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 577–591Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Hudson
    • 1
  • H. Distel
    • 1
  • H. P. Zippel
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Medizinische PsychologieUniversität MünchenMünchen 2Germany
  2. 2.Physiologisches Institut der UniversitätGöttingenGermany

Personalised recommendations