The Location and Function of Different Skin Thermoreceptors

  • K. P. Ivanov


In the continuing endeavor to understand the fundamental principles of homeothermy, the clasical theories must be reassessed in the light of new findings and the interpretations that can be placed upon them. One long-standing theory is that the direction and density of heat flow through the skin of homeothermic organisms may selectively activate thermoreceptors lying at varying depth within the skin, and that a spectrum of different impulse frequencies in the thermosensor afferent nerve fibres may provide the central nervous system with information on the direction and rate of heat flow through the skin (Ebbecke 1917). In 1953, Hensel established that the latencies of changes in discharge frequency of skin thermoreceptors are not the same when a thermal stimulus is applied. The reason for these differences, and their physiological significance, remain unestablished. Whether the latencies in the responses of skin thermoreceptors to thermal stimulation can be correlated with the position of the receptors in the skin has now been investigated.


Heat Flow Skin Layer Discharge Frequency Thermal Stimulus Thermal Stimulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bligh J (1972) Neuronal models of mammalian temperature regulation. In: Bligh J, Moore RE (eds) Essays on temperature regulation. Elsevier, Amsterdam, London, pp 105–120.Google Scholar
  2. Ebbecke U (1917) Über die Temperaturempfindungen in ihrer Abhängigkeit von den Reflexzentren. Pflügers Arch 169:395–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hensel H (1953) The time factor in thermoreceptor excitation. Acta Physiol Scand 29:109–116.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ivanov KP, Konstantinov V, Malovichko N et al. (1976) Physiological mechanisms of skin thermosensitivity. Prog Brain Res 43:143–149.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ivanov KP, Konstantinov V, Danilova N (1982) Thermoreceptor localization in the deep and surface skin layers. J Therm Biol 7:75–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ivanov KP, Dymnikova L, Danilova N (1987) The hypothalamus neurons response to the signals from surface and deep skin thermoreceptors. J Therm Biol 12:289–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. P. Ivanov
    • 1
  1. 1.Pavlov Institute of PhysiologyAcademy of Sciences of the USSRLeningradUSSR

Personalised recommendations