Confidence- and Security-Building Measures in Europe

  • Adam Rotfeld
Conference paper


As defined by the CSCE Final Act, in essence these measures should lead to the following objectives:
  • eliminate the causes of tension that exist among states and thus contribute to strengthening peace and security in the world;

  • strengthen confidence among states and thus contribute to increasing stability and security in Europe;

  • refrain in mutual relations, as well as in international relations in general, from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations and with the Declaration on Principles of the CSCE;

  • reduce the danger of armed conflict and of misunderstanding or miscalculation of military activities which could give rise to apprehension, particularly in a situation where the states lack clear and timely information about the nature of such activities;

  • support efforts aimed at lessening tension and promoting disarmament.


Military Activity Land Force Conventional Force Building Measure Surprise Attack 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adam Rotfeld

There are no affiliations available

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