Managers as Principals and Agents

  • Martin J. Beckmann


The principal owns a simple organization in which an agent supervises operatives. The agent chooses his/her own effort as well as the number of operatives to be hired. Operatives receive fixed wages and the agent a share of profits. In this model explicit solutions are given for the agent’s chosen effort and the agent’s optimal profit share. Increasing returns to scale lead to richer results than the constant returns to scale case.




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  1. Beckmann, M.J. (1983): Tinbergen Lectures. Springer-Verlag. BerlinHeidelberg-New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Siglitz, J.E. (1974): Risk Sharing and Incentives in Sharecropping, Review of Economic Studies 61, 219–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin J. Beckmann

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