The aridization phase, mentioned already, which affected the region at about 4000 B.P. (2000 B.C.) at the end of the Early Bronze Age, was characterized by the desertion of perennial settlement sites and the increase in the number of sites of nomads on the margins of the more humid regions (Chap. 6 [5,6,7]). The wave of nomads who were not satisfied with the meager resources the desert could provide, and did not have the courage and power to forcibly take the goods of the irrigated lands, moved along the borders of these lands trying to get something from the richness of these countries in exchange either for their products or for their services. In this context, one understands the many witnesses to the migration of Semitic tribes from the Fertile Crescent to Egypt, one of which is the famous wall picture from an Egyptian tomb in Beni-Hassan painted around 3900 B.P. (1900 B.C.). The picture portrays a group of people of Semitic origin who are about to enter Egypt; the leader, Avisa, dressed in a colorful garment, makes a sign of obedience to the Egyptian governor with one hand, while in his other hand he holds a he-goat, either as a present or as a indication of his source of income (similar to the bellows portrayed on the back of the asses). The two Egyptian officials accompanying the group of immigrants suggest that the entrance of the Semites was a move acknowledged by the Egyptian government.
KeywordsMigration Depression Income Silt Pyramid
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
References Chapter 7
- 1.Herodotus, The Histories. Translated by Abry de Selincourt. A Penguin Classic (1954) 599 pp.Google Scholar
- 2.Emery, W.B., Archaic Egypt. A Pelican Book, Penguin Books (1961) 269 pp.Google Scholar
- 3.Frankfort, H., Ancient Egyptian Religion. Harper and Row, New York (1948) 181 pp.Google Scholar
- 4.Frankfort, H., Wilson, H.A., and Jacobsen, T., Before Philosophy. A Pelican Book, Penguin Books (1946) 275 pp.Google Scholar
- 5.Clark, R., Myth and Symbol in Ancient Egypt. Thames and Hudson (1959) 292 pp.Google Scholar
- 6.Simpson, W.K. (ed.) The Literature of Ancient Egypt, an Anthology. Yale University Press (1972) 347 pp.Google Scholar