King David’s conquest of Jerusalem seems to have been an extraordinary deed. The Jebusite citadel survived conquest by the Israelites. Although the Amorite King of Jerusalem, heading a coalition of Amorite kings, was defeated in the field, the City of Jerusalem was not conquered. It defied even King Saul, whose main city was in Gibeah, about five kilometers to the north. One of the reasons that the Jebusites could withstand the assaults of the Israelite warriors was the topographical set up of their city. It was built on a hill surrounded by steep gorges on three sides. The fourth side was probably defended by a wall and a trench. Another reason might have been the water supply which enabled the city to withstand siege. One deep shaft was excavated from within the city walls to reach the water table of the spring of Gihon (“the emerging one”).
KeywordsWater Supply System Vertical Shaft Iranian Plateau Nubian Sandstone Water Supply Project
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