Gerontology pp 55-66 | Cite as

Advances in Cytogerontology

  • L. Hayflick
Conference paper


The field of research in aging has only recently emerged as a legitimate area for scientific inquiry. Twenty-five years ago only a few dozen people in the United States conducted research in gerontology. At that time the stigma of working in a field recognized for centuries as a black art commanded little scientific respect. Those using cell cultures in gerontological research 25 years ago were doubly damned because cell culture itself was then just emerging from condemnation as a black art.


Population Doubling Senescent Cell Population Doubling Level Normal Human Cell Immortal Cell 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Hayflick
    • 1
  1. 1.San Francisco School of Medicine, Cell Biology and Aging Section (151E)University of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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