The Mechanical Power Output of World Class Wheelchair Athletes

Conference paper


Most of wheelchair athletes must have an excellent capacity for both aerobic and anaerobic work. The rate of doing work is defined as aerobic power and anaerobic power. Usually, the maximal aerobic power is indicated by the maximal oxygen consumption to perform the work; because of the difficulty in evaluating the amount of energy delivered anaerobically, the maximal anaerobic power is evaluated by determining the maximal mechanical power output of the subject. Whereas the methods for evaluating the maximal aerobic power of athletes are rather well documented (Coutts 1984; Glaser et al. 1980; Wicks et al. 1983), the methods for evaluating the maximal mechanical power output are less so; moreover, they include two major limitations: (a) the test is done on a wheelchair ergometer, and, therefore, there is no air resistance and (b) the duration of the test is too long, i.e., 30 s.


Power Output Maximal Aerobic Power Anaerobic Power Split Time Mechanical Power Output 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Coutts KD (1984) Relation between oxygen uptake and power output during wheelchair ergometry in tetraplegics and paraplegics. Can J Applied Sport Sci 9:17–19Google Scholar
  2. Coutts KD, Stogryn JL (1987) Aerobic and anaerobic power of Canadian wheelchair track athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc 19:65–67Google Scholar
  3. Inbar O, Dotan R, Bar-Or O (1976) Aerobic and anaerobic components of a thirty second supramaximal cycling test. Med Sci Sports 8:51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Nadeau M, Cuerrier JP, Allard J, Brassard A (1985) The power of young active men and women on a bicycle ergometer. In: Winter DA et al. (eds) Biomechanics IX-B. Human Kinetics, Champaign, pp 560–564Google Scholar
  5. Nadeau M, Roy D, Thiffeault D, Parent D (1987) Distance d’accélération et production de puissance au cours d’un sprint sur le plat. Ann ACFAS 55:314 (abstr)Google Scholar
  6. Royer D, Loiselle R (1980) Paraplégie et activité physique. In: Nadeau M, Péronnet F (eds) Physiologie appliquée de l’activité physique. Edisem, St-Hyacinthe, pp 205–213Google Scholar
  7. Wicks JR, Oldridge NB, Carmeron BJ, Jones NL (1983) Arm cranking and wheelchair ergometry in elite spinal dord-injured athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc 15:224–231PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Wilkie DR (1980) Equations describing power input by humans as a function of duration of exercise. In: Cerretelli P, Whipp BJ (eds) Exercise bioenergetics and gas exchange. Elsevier/North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp 75–80Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations