Deposits of Hydroclastic Eruptions

  • Richard V. Fisher
  • Hans-Ulrich Schmincke


Many volcanic eruptions result from the interaction of magma and external water (Table 9-1), but few volcanologists (e.g., Jaggar, 1949) have emphasized the importance of nonmagmatic water in volcanic eruptions. In our view, the importance of external water in explosive eruptions is still underestimated. Wood (personal communication) even holds that maars, which most commonly develop from hydroclastic eruptions, are the second most common volcanic landform on earth next to scoria cones.


Scoria Cone Lava Tube Littoral Cone Tuff Ring Phreatomagmatic Eruption 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard V. Fisher
    • 1
  • Hans-Ulrich Schmincke
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geological SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA
  2. 2.Institut für MineralogieRuhr-Universität BochumBochumGermany

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