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Volcanoes, Volcanic Rocks and Magma Chambers

  • Richard V. Fisher
  • Hans-Ulrich Schmincke

Abstract

Volcanoes are hills, mounds or sheets of relatively localized igneous rock assemblages made up of pyroclastic rocks, lava flows, and intrusions in varying proportions. Volcanoes differ notably in their geometry, volume, and relative amounts of pyroclastic rocks and lava flows, with differences mostly dependent upon eruptive mechanisms and rates of extrusion. These in turn depend chiefly upon the magma composition. Chemical composition of magma is also responsible for, or can be correlated with, physical properties such as volatiles and viscosity, which govern to a large extent the nature of many pyroclastic eruptions.

Keywords

Lava Flow Magma Chamber Pyroclastic Flow Basaltic Magma Pyroclastic Rock 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard V. Fisher
    • 1
  • Hans-Ulrich Schmincke
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geological SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA
  2. 2.Institut für MineralogieRuhr-Universität BochumBochumGermany

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