Inhalation Hazards: The Interpretation of Epidemiologic Evidence

  • J. C. Bailar
Part of the ILSI Monographs book series (ILSI MONOGRAPHS)


This paper deals with the interpretation of fepidemiologic evidence, with special attention to inferences about causes (inhaled toxicants) and effects (impact on human health). I am quite convinced that epidemiologic evidence cannot be interpreted in isolation from other kinds of evidence. Thus, animal studies and clinical investigations, in particular, will be discussed in detail. I will show one way to integrate all of these forms of information by integrating the great strengths of epidemiology with strengths of other approaches. Finally, I will show how relevant, but possibly flawed, epidemiologic data can be used to resolve some of the important issues of public health and public policy.


Epidemiologic Evidence American National Standard Institute Health Endpoint Governmental Industrial Hygienist Inhalation Hazard 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bailar JC III, Mosteller F (1986) Medical uses of statistics. New England Journal of Medicine Press, Waltham, MA.Google Scholar
  2. Bailar JC IE, Thomas SR (1985) What are we doing when we think we are doing risk analysis? Basic Life Sci 33:65–76.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Graham JD, Green LC, Roberts MJ (1988) In search of safety. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  4. National Academy of Sciences (1984) Toxicity testing. National Academy Press, Washington DC.Google Scholar
  5. National Academy of Sciences (1989) Diet and health: implications for reducing chronic disease risk. National Academy Press, Washington DC.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. Bailar
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.US Department of Health and Human ServicesOffice of Disease Prevention and Health PromotionUSA
  2. 2.Department of Epidemiology and BiostatisticsMcGill University School of MedicineWest, MontrealCanada

Personalised recommendations