Environmental Tobacco Smoke: Adverse Effects on Respiratory Infection, Respiratory Symptoms, and Lung Function
Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) refers to the mixture of sidestream smoke, released from the cigarette’s burning end, and mainstream smoke, exhaled by the smoker. Although exposure of nonsmokers to ETS has only recently been investigated as a risk factor for disease, sufficient evidence has accumulated to identify adverse effects causally related to ETS. In 1986, reports of the United States Surgeon General (US DHHS 1986) and of the United States National Research Council (1986) linked ETS to increased respiratory infections and respiratory symptoms, reduced lung growth in children, and lung cancer in adult nonsmokers. The evidence for adults on respiratory morbidity, cancers at sites other than the lung, and ischemic heart disease was not considered conclusive.
KeywordsRespiratory Syncytial Virus Respiratory Symptom Environmental Tobacco Smoke Maternal Smoking Passive Smoking
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